Effects of alumina refinery wastewater and signature metal constituents at the upper thermal tolerance of: 2. The early life stages of the coral Acropora tenuis

AP Negri, Andrew Harford, David Parry, Rik Van Dam

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The success of early life history transitions of the coral Acropora tenuis were used as endpoints to evaluate thermal stress and the effects of wastewater discharged to a tropical marine environment. The studies assessed the effects of: (i) temperature; (ii) three signature metals of the wastewater, aluminium (Al), vanadium (V) and gallium (Ga); and (iii) the wastewater (at 27°C and 32°C) on fertilisation and larval metamorphosis. The median inhibition temperatures for fertilisation and metamorphosis were 32.8°C and 33.0°C, respectively. Fertilisation IC 50s for Al, V and Ga were 2997, 2884 and 3430μgL -1, respectively. Metamorphosis IC 50s for Al, V and Ga were 1945, 675 and 3566μgL -1, respectively. The wastewater only affected fertilisation and metamorphosis at moderate concentrations (IC 50s=63% and 67%, v/v, respectively, at 27°C), posing a low risk to this species in the field. The effects of wastewater and temperature on fertilisation and metamorphosis were additive.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)474-482
    Number of pages9
    JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
    Volume62
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011

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