Efficient and equitable design of marine protected areas in Fiji through inclusion of stakeholder-specific objectives in conservation planning

Georgina Gurney, Robert Pressey, N C Ban, Jorge Álvarez- Romero, S Jupiter, Vanessa Adams

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    The efficacy of protected areas varies, partly because socioeconomic factors are not sufficiently considered in planning and management. Although integrating socioeconomic factors into systematic conservation planning is increasingly advocated, research is needed to progress from recognition of these factors to incorporating them effectively in spatial prioritization of protected areas. We evaluated 2 key aspects of incorporating socioeconomic factors into spatial prioritization: treatment of socioeconomic factors as costs or objectives and treatment of stakeholders as a single group or multiple groups. Using as a case study the design of a system of no-take marine protected areas (MPAs) in Kubulau, Fiji, we assessed how these aspects affected the configuration of no-take MPAs in terms of trade-offs between biodiversity objectives, fisheries objectives, and equity in catch losses among fisher stakeholder groups. The achievement of fisheries objectives and equity tended to trade-off concavely with increasing biodiversity objectives, indicating that it is possible to achieve low to mid-range biodiversity objectives with relatively small losses to fisheries and equity. Importantly, the extent of trade-offs depended on the method used to incorporate socioeconomic data and was least severe when objectives were set for each fisher stakeholder group explicitly. We found that using different methods to incorporate socioeconomic factors that require similar data and expertise can result in plans with very different impacts on local stakeholders.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1378-1389
    Number of pages12
    JournalConservation Biology
    Volume29
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015

    Fingerprint

    Fiji
    conservation planning
    stakeholders
    protected area
    socioeconomic factors
    conservation areas
    stakeholder
    planning
    equity
    prioritization
    fishery
    biodiversity
    fisheries
    terms of trade
    trade-off
    socioeconomic factor
    socioeconomics
    experimental design
    case studies
    cost

    Cite this

    Gurney, Georgina ; Pressey, Robert ; Ban, N C ; Álvarez- Romero, Jorge ; Jupiter, S ; Adams, Vanessa. / Efficient and equitable design of marine protected areas in Fiji through inclusion of stakeholder-specific objectives in conservation planning. In: Conservation Biology. 2015 ; Vol. 29, No. 5. pp. 1378-1389.
    @article{63ed50095b6e442cb93c02c157f966dc,
    title = "Efficient and equitable design of marine protected areas in Fiji through inclusion of stakeholder-specific objectives in conservation planning",
    abstract = "The efficacy of protected areas varies, partly because socioeconomic factors are not sufficiently considered in planning and management. Although integrating socioeconomic factors into systematic conservation planning is increasingly advocated, research is needed to progress from recognition of these factors to incorporating them effectively in spatial prioritization of protected areas. We evaluated 2 key aspects of incorporating socioeconomic factors into spatial prioritization: treatment of socioeconomic factors as costs or objectives and treatment of stakeholders as a single group or multiple groups. Using as a case study the design of a system of no-take marine protected areas (MPAs) in Kubulau, Fiji, we assessed how these aspects affected the configuration of no-take MPAs in terms of trade-offs between biodiversity objectives, fisheries objectives, and equity in catch losses among fisher stakeholder groups. The achievement of fisheries objectives and equity tended to trade-off concavely with increasing biodiversity objectives, indicating that it is possible to achieve low to mid-range biodiversity objectives with relatively small losses to fisheries and equity. Importantly, the extent of trade-offs depended on the method used to incorporate socioeconomic data and was least severe when objectives were set for each fisher stakeholder group explicitly. We found that using different methods to incorporate socioeconomic factors that require similar data and expertise can result in plans with very different impacts on local stakeholders.",
    keywords = "biodiversity, conservation planning, equity, fishery management, integrated approach, marine park, nature reserve, prioritization, reserve design, socioeconomic conditions, spatial planning, stakeholder, Fiji, Kubulau, Vanua Levu",
    author = "Georgina Gurney and Robert Pressey and Ban, {N C} and {{\~A}lvarez- Romero}, Jorge and S Jupiter and Vanessa Adams",
    year = "2015",
    month = "10",
    doi = "10.1111/cobi.12514",
    language = "English",
    volume = "29",
    pages = "1378--1389",
    journal = "Conservation Biology",
    issn = "0888-8892",
    publisher = "Blackwell Publishing Inc.",
    number = "5",

    }

    Efficient and equitable design of marine protected areas in Fiji through inclusion of stakeholder-specific objectives in conservation planning. / Gurney, Georgina; Pressey, Robert; Ban, N C; Álvarez- Romero, Jorge; Jupiter, S; Adams, Vanessa.

    In: Conservation Biology, Vol. 29, No. 5, 10.2015, p. 1378-1389.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Efficient and equitable design of marine protected areas in Fiji through inclusion of stakeholder-specific objectives in conservation planning

    AU - Gurney, Georgina

    AU - Pressey, Robert

    AU - Ban, N C

    AU - Álvarez- Romero, Jorge

    AU - Jupiter, S

    AU - Adams, Vanessa

    PY - 2015/10

    Y1 - 2015/10

    N2 - The efficacy of protected areas varies, partly because socioeconomic factors are not sufficiently considered in planning and management. Although integrating socioeconomic factors into systematic conservation planning is increasingly advocated, research is needed to progress from recognition of these factors to incorporating them effectively in spatial prioritization of protected areas. We evaluated 2 key aspects of incorporating socioeconomic factors into spatial prioritization: treatment of socioeconomic factors as costs or objectives and treatment of stakeholders as a single group or multiple groups. Using as a case study the design of a system of no-take marine protected areas (MPAs) in Kubulau, Fiji, we assessed how these aspects affected the configuration of no-take MPAs in terms of trade-offs between biodiversity objectives, fisheries objectives, and equity in catch losses among fisher stakeholder groups. The achievement of fisheries objectives and equity tended to trade-off concavely with increasing biodiversity objectives, indicating that it is possible to achieve low to mid-range biodiversity objectives with relatively small losses to fisheries and equity. Importantly, the extent of trade-offs depended on the method used to incorporate socioeconomic data and was least severe when objectives were set for each fisher stakeholder group explicitly. We found that using different methods to incorporate socioeconomic factors that require similar data and expertise can result in plans with very different impacts on local stakeholders.

    AB - The efficacy of protected areas varies, partly because socioeconomic factors are not sufficiently considered in planning and management. Although integrating socioeconomic factors into systematic conservation planning is increasingly advocated, research is needed to progress from recognition of these factors to incorporating them effectively in spatial prioritization of protected areas. We evaluated 2 key aspects of incorporating socioeconomic factors into spatial prioritization: treatment of socioeconomic factors as costs or objectives and treatment of stakeholders as a single group or multiple groups. Using as a case study the design of a system of no-take marine protected areas (MPAs) in Kubulau, Fiji, we assessed how these aspects affected the configuration of no-take MPAs in terms of trade-offs between biodiversity objectives, fisheries objectives, and equity in catch losses among fisher stakeholder groups. The achievement of fisheries objectives and equity tended to trade-off concavely with increasing biodiversity objectives, indicating that it is possible to achieve low to mid-range biodiversity objectives with relatively small losses to fisheries and equity. Importantly, the extent of trade-offs depended on the method used to incorporate socioeconomic data and was least severe when objectives were set for each fisher stakeholder group explicitly. We found that using different methods to incorporate socioeconomic factors that require similar data and expertise can result in plans with very different impacts on local stakeholders.

    KW - biodiversity

    KW - conservation planning

    KW - equity

    KW - fishery management

    KW - integrated approach

    KW - marine park

    KW - nature reserve

    KW - prioritization

    KW - reserve design

    KW - socioeconomic conditions

    KW - spatial planning

    KW - stakeholder

    KW - Fiji

    KW - Kubulau

    KW - Vanua Levu

    U2 - 10.1111/cobi.12514

    DO - 10.1111/cobi.12514

    M3 - Article

    VL - 29

    SP - 1378

    EP - 1389

    JO - Conservation Biology

    JF - Conservation Biology

    SN - 0888-8892

    IS - 5

    ER -