Enhancing coastal livelihoods in Indonesia

an evaluation of recent initiatives on gender, women and sustainable livelihoods in small-scale fisheries

Natasha Stacey, Emily Clare Gibson, Neil Loneragan, Carol Warren, Dedi Adhuri, Budy Wirwayan, Ria Fitriana

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    In recent decades, there have been considerable efforts to enhance, diversify, or implement alternative livelihood activities in marginalized coastal communities, to ease reliance on deteriorating coastal resources, reduce poverty and improve well-being outcomes. To date, gender has been notably absent from the literature on small-scale fisheries and associated livelihood improvement programs, despite increasing evidence of the importance of gender equality and women’s empowerment in achieving such outcomes in other contexts. In this paper, drawing from an evaluation of the effectiveness of 20 livelihood development projects implemented in coastal communities in Indonesia since 1998, we report on how gender was considered in these projects. We assessed whether and how gender was included in project rationales, and how men and women were included in project activities. We found that, despite the women being reached by many project activities, particularly efforts to increase women’s productive capacity through training and group-based livelihoods enterprises, 40% of the projects had no discernible gender approach and only two of the 20 projects (10%) applied a gender transformative approach that sought to challenge local gender norms and gender relations and empower women beneficiaries. Our assessment suggests the need for greater understanding of the role of gender in reducing poverty and increasing well-being outcomes in coastal communities. Lessons from comparable agricultural settings suggest that this may be facilitated by locally situated gender social relations analysis, integration of gender throughout livelihood improvement project cycles, gendered capacity building activities and shared learning from the evaluation of the gendered outcomes of project activities.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number142
    Pages (from-to)359-371
    Number of pages13
    JournalMaritime Studies
    Volume18
    Issue number3
    Early online date6 Jun 2019
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

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    fishery
    livelihood
    Indonesia
    gender
    evaluation
    well-being
    poverty
    community
    building activity
    gender relations
    development project
    Social Relations
    empowerment
    equality

    Cite this

    Stacey, Natasha ; Gibson, Emily Clare ; Loneragan, Neil ; Warren, Carol ; Adhuri, Dedi ; Wirwayan, Budy ; Fitriana, Ria. / Enhancing coastal livelihoods in Indonesia : an evaluation of recent initiatives on gender, women and sustainable livelihoods in small-scale fisheries. In: Maritime Studies. 2019 ; Vol. 18, No. 3. pp. 359-371.
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    abstract = "In recent decades, there have been considerable efforts to enhance, diversify, or implement alternative livelihood activities in marginalized coastal communities, to ease reliance on deteriorating coastal resources, reduce poverty and improve well-being outcomes. To date, gender has been notably absent from the literature on small-scale fisheries and associated livelihood improvement programs, despite increasing evidence of the importance of gender equality and women’s empowerment in achieving such outcomes in other contexts. In this paper, drawing from an evaluation of the effectiveness of 20 livelihood development projects implemented in coastal communities in Indonesia since 1998, we report on how gender was considered in these projects. We assessed whether and how gender was included in project rationales, and how men and women were included in project activities. We found that, despite the women being reached by many project activities, particularly efforts to increase women’s productive capacity through training and group-based livelihoods enterprises, 40{\%} of the projects had no discernible gender approach and only two of the 20 projects (10{\%}) applied a gender transformative approach that sought to challenge local gender norms and gender relations and empower women beneficiaries. Our assessment suggests the need for greater understanding of the role of gender in reducing poverty and increasing well-being outcomes in coastal communities. Lessons from comparable agricultural settings suggest that this may be facilitated by locally situated gender social relations analysis, integration of gender throughout livelihood improvement project cycles, gendered capacity building activities and shared learning from the evaluation of the gendered outcomes of project activities.",
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    Enhancing coastal livelihoods in Indonesia : an evaluation of recent initiatives on gender, women and sustainable livelihoods in small-scale fisheries. / Stacey, Natasha; Gibson, Emily Clare; Loneragan, Neil; Warren, Carol; Adhuri, Dedi; Wirwayan, Budy; Fitriana, Ria.

    In: Maritime Studies, Vol. 18, No. 3, 142, 12.2019, p. 359-371.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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    T2 - an evaluation of recent initiatives on gender, women and sustainable livelihoods in small-scale fisheries

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    AU - Gibson, Emily Clare

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    AU - Warren, Carol

    AU - Adhuri, Dedi

    AU - Wirwayan, Budy

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