Equitable and effective area-based conservation: Towards the conserved areas paradigm

Harry D. Jonas, Gabby N. Ahmadia, Heather C. Bingham, Johnny Briggs, Stuart H.M. Butchart, Joji Cariño, Olivier Chassot, Sunita Chaudhary, Emily Darling, Alfred Degemmis, Nigel Dudley, Julia E. Fa, James Fitzsimons, Stephen Garnett, Jonas Geldmann, Rachel Golden Kroner, Georgina G. Gurney, Alexandra R. Harrington, Amber Himes‐cornell, Marc HockingsHolly C. Jonas, Stacy Jupiter, Naomi Kingston, E. Lee, Susan Lieberman, Sangeeta Mangubhai, Daniel Marnewick, Clara L. Matallana‐tobón, Sean L. Maxwell, Fred Nelson, Jeffrey Parrish, Ravaka Ranaivoson, Madhu Rao, Marcela Santamaría, Oscar Venter, Piero Visconti, John Waithaka, Kristen Walker Painemilla, James E.M. Watson, Christine von Weizsäcker

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    In 2018, the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) adopted a decision on protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures (OECMs). It contains the definition of an OECM and related scientific and technical advice that has broadened the scope of governance authorities and areas that can be engaged and recognised in global conservation efforts. The voluntary guidance on OECMs and protected areas, also included in the decision, promotes the use of diverse, effective and equitable governance models, the integration of protected areas and OECMs into wider landscapes and seascapes, and mainstreaming of biodiversity conservation across sectors. Taken as a whole, the advice and voluntary guidance provides further clarity about the CBD Parties’ understanding of what constitutes equitable and effective area-based conservation measures within and beyond protected areas and provides standardised criteria with which to measure and report areas’ attributes and performance. This policy perspective suggests that this CBD decision represents further evidence of the evolution from the ‘new paradigm for protected areas’ to a broader ‘conserved areas paradigm’ that embodies good governance, equity and effective conservation outcomes and is inclusive of a diversity of contributions to conservation within and beyond protected areas.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)71-84
    Number of pages14
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - May 2021


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