Evidence of the Formation of Surface Palladium Carbide during the Catalytic Combustion of Lean Methane/Air Mixtures

Adi Setiawan, Eric M. Kennedy, Bogdan Z. Dlugogorski, Adesoji A. Adesina, Olga Tkachenko, Michael Stockenhuber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The catalytic combustion of <1% methane in air over palladium-based catalysts is investigated. The influence of operating parameters and pretreatment conditions on the activity and stability of the catalysts is studied. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis of Pd/Al2O3 indicates the emergence of Pd carbide, even under lean conditions (0.6% methane) and at temperatures as low as 180°C. Significant differences were observed in the light-off temperatures and extent of coke deposition, depending on whether the catalysts were conditioned under oxidizing or reducing conditions. The oxidized palladium catalysts were reduced by methane under reaction conditions and exhibited similar activity compared to catalysts which were activated under hydrogen. Time-on-stream experiments reveal that the stability of the Pd/Al2O3 catalyst reduced in hydrogen was only marginally improved compared to catalysts calcined in air.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-249
Number of pages7
JournalEnergy Technology
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Palladium
Carbides
Methane
Catalysts
Air
Hydrogen
Coke
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Temperature
Experiments

Cite this

Setiawan, A., Kennedy, E. M., Dlugogorski, B. Z., Adesina, A. A., Tkachenko, O., & Stockenhuber, M. (2014). Evidence of the Formation of Surface Palladium Carbide during the Catalytic Combustion of Lean Methane/Air Mixtures. Energy Technology, 2(3), 243-249. https://doi.org/10.1002/ente.201300119
Setiawan, Adi ; Kennedy, Eric M. ; Dlugogorski, Bogdan Z. ; Adesina, Adesoji A. ; Tkachenko, Olga ; Stockenhuber, Michael. / Evidence of the Formation of Surface Palladium Carbide during the Catalytic Combustion of Lean Methane/Air Mixtures. In: Energy Technology. 2014 ; Vol. 2, No. 3. pp. 243-249.
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abstract = "The catalytic combustion of <1{\%} methane in air over palladium-based catalysts is investigated. The influence of operating parameters and pretreatment conditions on the activity and stability of the catalysts is studied. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis of Pd/Al2O3 indicates the emergence of Pd carbide, even under lean conditions (0.6{\%} methane) and at temperatures as low as 180°C. Significant differences were observed in the light-off temperatures and extent of coke deposition, depending on whether the catalysts were conditioned under oxidizing or reducing conditions. The oxidized palladium catalysts were reduced by methane under reaction conditions and exhibited similar activity compared to catalysts which were activated under hydrogen. Time-on-stream experiments reveal that the stability of the Pd/Al2O3 catalyst reduced in hydrogen was only marginally improved compared to catalysts calcined in air.",
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Setiawan, A, Kennedy, EM, Dlugogorski, BZ, Adesina, AA, Tkachenko, O & Stockenhuber, M 2014, 'Evidence of the Formation of Surface Palladium Carbide during the Catalytic Combustion of Lean Methane/Air Mixtures', Energy Technology, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 243-249. https://doi.org/10.1002/ente.201300119

Evidence of the Formation of Surface Palladium Carbide during the Catalytic Combustion of Lean Methane/Air Mixtures. / Setiawan, Adi; Kennedy, Eric M.; Dlugogorski, Bogdan Z.; Adesina, Adesoji A.; Tkachenko, Olga; Stockenhuber, Michael.

In: Energy Technology, Vol. 2, No. 3, 03.2014, p. 243-249.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Setiawan, Adi

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