Exciton-phonon interaction in fractional dimensional space

Thilagam Lohe

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate


    Explicit analytical expressions of Frohlich-like Hamiltonians for the interaction between an exciton and optical phonons in fractional-dimensional space are derived for two illustrative cases of 1s→1s and 1s→2p exciton scattering. The improved Hamiltonians incorporate any modification in the strength of the exciton-optical-phonon interactions due to confinement, by means of a single parameter α, a measure of the dimensionality of the confined system. The Hamiltonians also incorporate the penetration of electron and hole wave functions into the barrier region, an effect which becomes increasingly significant for narrow well widths. The flexibility of the derived Hamiltonians are shown in the ease of systematic study of exciton linewidths in GaAs/AlxGa1-xAs quantum wells. Results show the high sensitivity of the excitonic linewidths to α due to interactions with short-wavelength optical phonons.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)9798-9804
    Number of pages7
    JournalPhysical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics)
    Issue number15
    Publication statusPublished - 1997


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