Exploration of Sedentary Behavior in Residential Substance Abuse Populations: Results From an Intervention Study

Carol A. Keane, Peter J. Kelly, Christopher A. Magee, Robin Callister, Amanda Baker, Frank P. Deane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


 Background: There is a growing body of research linking sedentary behavior with increased risk of chronic disease and all-cause mortality. It is increasingly recommended that service providers address the multiple behavioral risk factors associated with these chronic diseases as part of routine substance abuse treatment. 

Objectives: The study objective was to investigate rates of physical activity and sedentary behavior in a residential substance abuse population. In addition, efficacy of a sedentary behavior intervention, “Sit Switch,” was examined for feasibility in this context. 

Methods: Participants (n = 54) were residents of The Salvation Army Recovery Service Centres located in Canberra and on the Gold Coast, Australia. Actigraph GT3X+ accelerometers were used to measure rates and patterns of sedentariness and physical activity. A nonrandomized controlled study of a single-session group intervention aimed at decreasing prolonged sitting (“Sit Switch”) was conducted. Education, motivational-interviewing, and goal setting components underpinned the “Sit Switch” intervention. 

Results: Individuals were highly sedentary, spending 73% of daily activity at sedentary intensity engaged in inadequate levels of moderate physical activity (6.6%/day). The single session educational program did not lead to any significant changes in sedentary behavior. 

Conclusion/Importance: High levels of sedentariness and low levels of physical activity engagement are evident in residents in substance abuse treatment programs. It is strongly recommended that sedentariness, a modifiable risk behavior with independent consequences for cardiovascular disease and cancer, be addressed within residential programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1363-1378
Number of pages16
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 23 Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes


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