Farming and cranes on the Atherton Tablelands, Australia

Timothy D. Nevard, Ian Leiper, George Archibald, Stephen T. Garnett

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Australia's two cranes, the brolga (Antigone rubicunda) and Australian sarus crane (Antigone antigone gillae), form dry-season flocks on the Atherton Tablelands in north Queensland, Australia, where they forage almost exclusively amongst planted crops. The long-term relationship between cranes and farmers is therefore critical to their conservation, especially as the cranes can sometimes cause significant economic damage to crops. We interviewed farmers to explore their current attitudes to cranes and their intentions for land use that might affect the birds. We found that most farmers tolerated the cranes, particularly when they feed among stubble. Most, however, are increasing the efficiency of their agronomic practices, harvesting combinable crops such as maize and peanuts in ways that are beginning to reduce post-harvest crop residues. There is also a rapid trend away from field crops to perennial and tree crops that have a higher return per unit area. Both trends may reduce foraging opportunities for the cranes and, unless managed effectively, are likely to increase the potential for damage and conflict with farmers in the field crops that remain.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)184-192
    Number of pages9
    JournalPacific Conservation Biology
    Volume25
    Issue number2
    Early online date14 Aug 2018
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019

    Fingerprint

    crane
    crop
    damage
    stubble
    crop residue
    forage
    dry season
    maize
    bird
    land use
    economics

    Cite this

    Nevard, Timothy D. ; Leiper, Ian ; Archibald, George ; Garnett, Stephen T. / Farming and cranes on the Atherton Tablelands, Australia. In: Pacific Conservation Biology. 2019 ; Vol. 25, No. 2. pp. 184-192.
    @article{260a1c0864394a29b34896bd5fa2ab77,
    title = "Farming and cranes on the Atherton Tablelands, Australia",
    abstract = "Australia's two cranes, the brolga (Antigone rubicunda) and Australian sarus crane (Antigone antigone gillae), form dry-season flocks on the Atherton Tablelands in north Queensland, Australia, where they forage almost exclusively amongst planted crops. The long-term relationship between cranes and farmers is therefore critical to their conservation, especially as the cranes can sometimes cause significant economic damage to crops. We interviewed farmers to explore their current attitudes to cranes and their intentions for land use that might affect the birds. We found that most farmers tolerated the cranes, particularly when they feed among stubble. Most, however, are increasing the efficiency of their agronomic practices, harvesting combinable crops such as maize and peanuts in ways that are beginning to reduce post-harvest crop residues. There is also a rapid trend away from field crops to perennial and tree crops that have a higher return per unit area. Both trends may reduce foraging opportunities for the cranes and, unless managed effectively, are likely to increase the potential for damage and conflict with farmers in the field crops that remain.",
    keywords = "Antigone antigone gillae, Antigone rubicunda, Australian sarus crane, brolga, crop damage, farmer attitudes",
    author = "Nevard, {Timothy D.} and Ian Leiper and George Archibald and Garnett, {Stephen T.}",
    year = "2019",
    month = "6",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1071/PC18055",
    language = "English",
    volume = "25",
    pages = "184--192",
    journal = "Pacific Conservation Biology",
    issn = "1038-2097",
    publisher = "Surrey Beatty & Sons",
    number = "2",

    }

    Farming and cranes on the Atherton Tablelands, Australia. / Nevard, Timothy D.; Leiper, Ian; Archibald, George; Garnett, Stephen T.

    In: Pacific Conservation Biology, Vol. 25, No. 2, 01.06.2019, p. 184-192.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Farming and cranes on the Atherton Tablelands, Australia

    AU - Nevard, Timothy D.

    AU - Leiper, Ian

    AU - Archibald, George

    AU - Garnett, Stephen T.

    PY - 2019/6/1

    Y1 - 2019/6/1

    N2 - Australia's two cranes, the brolga (Antigone rubicunda) and Australian sarus crane (Antigone antigone gillae), form dry-season flocks on the Atherton Tablelands in north Queensland, Australia, where they forage almost exclusively amongst planted crops. The long-term relationship between cranes and farmers is therefore critical to their conservation, especially as the cranes can sometimes cause significant economic damage to crops. We interviewed farmers to explore their current attitudes to cranes and their intentions for land use that might affect the birds. We found that most farmers tolerated the cranes, particularly when they feed among stubble. Most, however, are increasing the efficiency of their agronomic practices, harvesting combinable crops such as maize and peanuts in ways that are beginning to reduce post-harvest crop residues. There is also a rapid trend away from field crops to perennial and tree crops that have a higher return per unit area. Both trends may reduce foraging opportunities for the cranes and, unless managed effectively, are likely to increase the potential for damage and conflict with farmers in the field crops that remain.

    AB - Australia's two cranes, the brolga (Antigone rubicunda) and Australian sarus crane (Antigone antigone gillae), form dry-season flocks on the Atherton Tablelands in north Queensland, Australia, where they forage almost exclusively amongst planted crops. The long-term relationship between cranes and farmers is therefore critical to their conservation, especially as the cranes can sometimes cause significant economic damage to crops. We interviewed farmers to explore their current attitudes to cranes and their intentions for land use that might affect the birds. We found that most farmers tolerated the cranes, particularly when they feed among stubble. Most, however, are increasing the efficiency of their agronomic practices, harvesting combinable crops such as maize and peanuts in ways that are beginning to reduce post-harvest crop residues. There is also a rapid trend away from field crops to perennial and tree crops that have a higher return per unit area. Both trends may reduce foraging opportunities for the cranes and, unless managed effectively, are likely to increase the potential for damage and conflict with farmers in the field crops that remain.

    KW - Antigone antigone gillae

    KW - Antigone rubicunda

    KW - Australian sarus crane

    KW - brolga

    KW - crop damage

    KW - farmer attitudes

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85052939506&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1071/PC18055

    DO - 10.1071/PC18055

    M3 - Article

    VL - 25

    SP - 184

    EP - 192

    JO - Pacific Conservation Biology

    JF - Pacific Conservation Biology

    SN - 1038-2097

    IS - 2

    ER -