Finite element analysis of Stryker Xia pedicle screw in artificial bone samples with and without supplemental cement augmentation

Ferris M. Pfeiffer, Theodore J. Choma, Rebecca Kueny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

A validated, using in vitro biomechanical testing, finite element model was used to evaluate the affects of (1) cement augmentation and (2) an intact posterior cortex in osteoporotic bone. The presence of augmentation and/or a posterior cortical cortex increased the stabilization of the pedicle screw 2–5 fold. Placement of cement influenced failure load and toggle; with distal placement having the largest increase in failure load and decrease in cephalad–caudad toggle. The presence of posterior cortex caused a decrease in the amount of toggle, a proximal shift of the center of rotation and an increase in the maximum failure force.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1459-1467
Number of pages9
JournalComputer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Volume18
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Oct 2015
Externally publishedYes

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Bone cement
Finite Element Analysis
Bone
Cements
Finite element method
Bone and Bones
Stabilization
Testing
In Vitro Techniques
Pedicle Screws

Cite this

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abstract = "A validated, using in vitro biomechanical testing, finite element model was used to evaluate the affects of (1) cement augmentation and (2) an intact posterior cortex in osteoporotic bone. The presence of augmentation and/or a posterior cortical cortex increased the stabilization of the pedicle screw 2–5 fold. Placement of cement influenced failure load and toggle; with distal placement having the largest increase in failure load and decrease in cephalad–caudad toggle. The presence of posterior cortex caused a decrease in the amount of toggle, a proximal shift of the center of rotation and an increase in the maximum failure force.",
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Finite element analysis of Stryker Xia pedicle screw in artificial bone samples with and without supplemental cement augmentation. / Pfeiffer, Ferris M.; Choma, Theodore J.; Kueny, Rebecca.

In: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 18, No. 13, 03.10.2015, p. 1459-1467.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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