First evidence of the pig-nosed turtle (Carettochelys insculpta) vocalizing underwater

Camila R. Ferrara, Richard C. Vogt, Carla C. Eisemberg, J. Sean Doody

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Recent research has demonstrated that some freshwater turtles vocalize underwater, but the taxonomic breadth of this mode of communication in freshwater turtles is unknown, hindering our understanding of its evolution. The Pig-nosed Turtle (Carettochelys insculpta), a monotypic genus inhabiting tropical Australia and New Guinea, is a likely candidate for producing underwater sounds because it exhibits social behavior while feeding, nesting, and thermoregulating. We tested the hypothesis that C. insculpta vocalizes using an omnidirectional hydrophone. We recorded C. insculpta emitting sounds underwater in the field and in captivity in northern Australia in May 2014. Analysis revealed that the 182 sounds produced by seven individuals could be separated into three sound categories. The sounds were simple and characteristic of a contact call, and were similar to those recently reported in other species of aquatic turtles. Further research should focus on the role of sound production in social activities.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)29-32
    Number of pages4
    JournalCopeia
    Volume105
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017

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    vocalization
    turtle
    pig
    turtles
    hydrophone
    New Guinea
    social behavior
    captivity
    animal communication
    sound
    Carettochelys insculpta
    communication

    Cite this

    Ferrara, Camila R. ; Vogt, Richard C. ; Eisemberg, Carla C. ; Doody, J. Sean. / First evidence of the pig-nosed turtle (Carettochelys insculpta) vocalizing underwater. In: Copeia. 2017 ; Vol. 105, No. 1. pp. 29-32.
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    abstract = "Recent research has demonstrated that some freshwater turtles vocalize underwater, but the taxonomic breadth of this mode of communication in freshwater turtles is unknown, hindering our understanding of its evolution. The Pig-nosed Turtle (Carettochelys insculpta), a monotypic genus inhabiting tropical Australia and New Guinea, is a likely candidate for producing underwater sounds because it exhibits social behavior while feeding, nesting, and thermoregulating. We tested the hypothesis that C. insculpta vocalizes using an omnidirectional hydrophone. We recorded C. insculpta emitting sounds underwater in the field and in captivity in northern Australia in May 2014. Analysis revealed that the 182 sounds produced by seven individuals could be separated into three sound categories. The sounds were simple and characteristic of a contact call, and were similar to those recently reported in other species of aquatic turtles. Further research should focus on the role of sound production in social activities.",
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    First evidence of the pig-nosed turtle (Carettochelys insculpta) vocalizing underwater. / Ferrara, Camila R.; Vogt, Richard C.; Eisemberg, Carla C.; Doody, J. Sean.

    In: Copeia, Vol. 105, No. 1, 03.2017, p. 29-32.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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