Few articles have described the airway management of parenchymal lung hydatid cysts complicated by endobronchial or airway involvement, and none have described the use of flexible bronchoscopy (FB) therapeutically in children. We present a child with a ruptured pulmonary hydatid cyst who underwent repeated FB for removal of cystic material from an obstructed right upper lobe segmental bronchus. This child did not require thoracic surgery and made a full clinical recovery, demonstrating that in selected cases FB may offer curative treatment.
Burgess, C., Masters, I. B., Francis, P., Grimwood, K., & Chang, A. (2012). Flexible bronchoscopy in managing a child with pulmonary hydatid disease. Pediatric Pulmonology, 47(11), 1140-1142. https://doi.org/10.1002/ppul.22545