We combine combustion experiments and density functional theory (DFT) calculations to investigate the formation of chlorobenzenes from oxidative thermal decomposition of 1,3-dichloropropene. Mono- to hexa-chlorobenzenes are observed between 800 and 1150. K, and the extent of chlorination was proportional to the combustion temperature. Higher chlorinated congeners of chlorobenzene (tetra-, penta-, hexa-chlorobenzene) are only observed in trace amounts between 950 and 1050. K. DFT calculations indicate that cyclisation of chlorinated hexatrienes proceeds via open-shell radical pathways. These species represent key components in the formation mechanism of chlorinated polyaromatic hydrocarbons. Results presented herein should provide better understanding of the evolution of soot from combustion/pyrolysis of short chlorinated alkenes.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Combustion and Flame|
|Early online date||14 Mar 2015|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jun 2015|