Formation of PCDD/Fs in Oxidation of 2-Chlorophenol on Neat Silica Surface

Seyedehsara Mosallanejad, Bogdan Z. Dlugogorski, Eric M. Kennedy, Michael Stockenhuber, Slawomir M. Lomnicki, Niveen W. Assaf, Mohammednoor Altarawneh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This contribution studies partial oxidation of 2-chlorophenol on surfaces of neat silica at temperatures of 250, 350, and 400 °C; i.e., temperatures that frequently lead to catalytic formation of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) from their precursors. We have identified 2,6-dichlorophenol (2,6-DCPh), 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCPh), and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (2,4,6-TriCPh), but have detected no chlorinated benzenes (CBzs). The detected chlorinated and nonchlorinated DD/Fs comprise dibenzo-p-dioxin (DD), 1- and 2-monochlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (1-, 2-MCDD), 1,6-, 1,9-, 1,3-dichlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (1,6-, 1,9-, 1,3-DCDD), 4-monochlorodibenzofuran (4-MCDF), and 4,6-dichlorodibenzofuran (4,6-DCDF) at the reaction temperatures of 350 and 400 °C. However, at a lower reaction temperature, 250 °C, we have detected no PCDD/Fs. We have demonstrated that neat silica surfaces catalyze the generation of PCDD/Fs from chlorophenols at the upper range of the catalytic formation temperature of PCDD/F. The present finding proves the generation of PCDD/Fs on particles of fly ash, even in the absence of transition metals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1412-1418
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume50
Issue number3
Early online date29 Dec 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Feb 2016
Externally publishedYes

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    Mosallanejad, S., Dlugogorski, B. Z., Kennedy, E. M., Stockenhuber, M., Lomnicki, S. M., Assaf, N. W., & Altarawneh, M. (2016). Formation of PCDD/Fs in Oxidation of 2-Chlorophenol on Neat Silica Surface. Environmental Science and Technology, 50(3), 1412-1418. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b04287