Gambling prevalence and gambling problems amongst land-based-only, online-only and mixed-mode gamblers in Australia: A national study

Nerilee Hing, Alex M.T. Russell, Andrew Black, Matthew Rockloff, Matthew Browne, Vijay Rawat, Nancy Greer, Matthew Stevens, Nicki A. Dowling, Stephanie Merkouris, Daniel L. King, Anne H. Salonen, Helen Breen, Linda Woo

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    This study compared land-based-only gamblers (LBOGs), online-only gamblers (OOGs), and mixed-mode gamblers (MMGs), based on a 2019 Australian national telephone survey (N = 15,000). It examined 1) prevalence, demographics and gambling behaviours, 2) problematic gambling, 3) most harmful gambling forms, 4) gambling-related harms-to-self, and 5) risk factors for higher problem gambling severity. Results estimated that 43.1% of Australians were non-gamblers, 39.5% LBOGs, 12.8% MMGs and 4.6% OOGs. MMGs were more likely than LBOGs to be male, younger, unmarried, Australian-born, and indigenous. OOGs were more likely than MMGs to be married, university educated, born outside of Australia, speak a non-English language, and less likely to be indigenous. As hypothesised, MMGs had the highest gambling involvement, gambling problems and gambling-related harm. Relative risk of gambling problems for MMGs (5.1% problem gambling; 11.0% moderate risk gambling), exceeded that of both LBOGs (1.4%; 3.8%) and OOGs (0.7%; 4.7%). Risk factors for problematic gambling included engaging in more gambling forms, being male, single, less educated, indigenous, and speaking a non-English language. Crucially, gambling on the internet (OOGs and MMGs combined) was associated with higher problem gambling severity than land-based-only gambling (LBOGs), even after controlling for these risk factors. The findings can inform targeted public health measures.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number107269
    Pages (from-to)1-10
    Number of pages10
    JournalComputers in Human Behavior
    Volume132
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Gambling prevalence and gambling problems amongst land-based-only, online-only and mixed-mode gamblers in Australia: A national study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this