Global importance of Indigenous Peoples, their lands, and knowledge systems for saving the world's primates from extinction

Alejandro Estrada, Paul A. Garber, Sidney Gouveia, Álvaro Fernández-Llamazares, Fernando Ascensão, Agustin Fuentes, Stephen T. Garnett, Christopher Shaffer, Júlio Bicca-Marques, Julia E. Fa, Kimberley Hockings, Sam Shanee, Steig Johnson, Glenn H. Shepard, Noga Shanee, Christopher D. Golden, Anaid Cárdenas-Navarrete, Dallas R. Levey, Ramesh Boonratana, Ricardo DobrovolskiAbhishek Chaudhary, Jonah Ratsimbazafy, Jatna Supriatna, Inza Kone, Sylviane Volampeno

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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    Abstract

    Primates, represented by 521 species, are distributed across 91 countries primarily in the Neotropic, Afrotropic, and Indo-Malayan realms. Primates inhabit a wide range of habitats and play critical roles in sustaining healthy ecosystems that benefit human and nonhuman communities. Approximately 68 we review the scientific literature and conduct a spatial analysis to assess the significance of Indigenous Peoples’ lands in safeguarding primate biodiversity. We found that Indigenous Peoples’ lands account for 30 and 71 primate species are less likely to be classified as threatened or have declining populations. Safeguarding Indigenous Peoples’ lands, languages, and cultures represents our greatest chance to prevent the extinction of the world’s primates. Supporting Indigenous Peoples’ land rights is an effective solution to protect the world’s primates from extinction.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbereabn2927
    Pages (from-to)1-29
    Number of pages29
    JournalScience Advances
    Volume8
    Issue number32
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2022

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