High-resolution melting analysis of the spa locus reveals significant diversity within sequence type 93 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from northern Australia

S TONG, Rachael Gorie, Deborah Holt, Malcolm McDonald, Bart Currie, Philip Giffard

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    High-resolution melting analysis is an inherently robust, easy and inexpensive approach to the examination of genomic regions containing single-nucleotide polymorphisms and hypervariable loci. Staphylococcus aureus sequence type (ST) 93 is a singleton, Panton-Valentine leukocidin-positive clone unique to Australia. A high-resolution melting-based method for the identification of ST93 was developed, and a similar approach was used to reveal diversity within the spa locus of this lineage. Statistical and graphical methods that account for instrumental and operator-dependent variation in high-resolution melting curves were developed, to allow greater confidence and reproducibility in deciding whether another curve is truly different from the baseline curve of an amplicon with known sequence. The data support a very early acquisition, or multiple independent acquisitions, of SCCmec by ST93 methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA), and the coexistence of MSSA and methicillin-resistant S. aureus versions of the same lineage within northern Australia. � 2009 The Authors. Journal Compilation � 2009 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1126-1131
    Number of pages6
    JournalClinical Microbiology and Infection
    Volume15
    Issue number12
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

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