|Title of host publication||Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 8 Oct 2019|
The archaeological study of the material culture of people who, by circumstances beyond their control or for other reasons, are classified as homeless is a recent specialist scholarly field of enquiry in the Humanities. This enquiry uses traditional field methods and field techniques of archaeological and ethnographic investigation to examine the diversity of discarded, abandoned, or still in use materials and objects that represent distinct ways of life and behavior of people who do not reside in architecturally designed housing. In the examples of major studies given below, homeless people living without conventional shelter live in diverse geographical urban and rural environments and meet classifications of socially and politically marginalized peoples (Rossi 1989; Foscarinis 1996; Amster 2004; Valado 2006). Using the methods of archaeology and ethnography, researchers in the United States (USA), the United Kingdom (UK), and Australia reveal that homeless people are...