How RU? Finding out when to help students

Hedieh Ranjbartabar, Deborah Richards, Cat Kutay

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Understanding how students are feeling can assist Animated Pedagogical Agent (APAs) to provide helpful tailored support. However, eliciting their emotions is difficult. The research examined student’s willingness to disclose their emotional feelings to the APA and whether being asked was disruptive or annoying. Nineteen high school students used a Virtual World (VW) designed to learn scientific inquiry skills. Emulating human behavior, the APA greets students by asking “how are you?” and provides an empathic response. However, students could ignore the empathic conversation and move on to a task-focused conversation. We found that students were willing to disclose both negative and positive emotions to APAs, on average once in every ten times they were asked. Furthermore, students preferred to reveal their emotions when they first met a character rather than in the subsequent meetings and negative feelings became stronger than positive feelings in repeated encounters.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies
EditorsFatos Xhafa, Leonard Barolli, Santi Caballé
Place of PublicationCham, Switzerland
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-69835-9
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-69834-2
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameLecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies
ISSN (Print)2367-4512
ISSN (Electronic)2367-4520


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