Hydrate stabilization in the three-dimensional hydrogen-bonded structure of the brucinium compound, bis(2,3-dimethoxy-10-oxostrychnidinium) biphenyl-4,4'-disulfonate hexahydrate

Graham Smith, Urs D. Wermuth, David J. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The crystal structure of the 2:1 proton-transfer compound of brucine with biphenyl-4,40-disulfonate, bis(2, 3-dimethoxy-10-oxostrychnidinium) biphenyl-4,4'-disulfonate hexahydrate (1) has been determined at 173 K. Crystals are monoclinic, space group P21 with Z = 2 in a cell with a = 8.0314(2), b = 29.3062(9), c = 12.2625(3) Å β = 101.331(2)°. The crystallographic asymmetric unit comprises two brucinium cations, a biphenyl-4,40-disulfonate dianion and six water molecules of solvation. The brucinium cations form a variant of the common undulating and overlapping head-to-tail sheet sub-structure. The sulfonate dianions are also linked head-to-tail by hydrogen bonds into parallel zig-zag chains through clusters of six water molecules of which five are inter-associated, featuring conjoint cyclic eight-membered hydrogen-bonded rings [graph sets R3 3 (8) and R4 3 (8)], comprising four of the water molecules and closed by sulfonate O acceptors. These chain structures occupy the cavities between the brucinium cation sheets and are linked to them peripherally through both brucine N+-H⋯Osulfonate and Ocarbonyl⋯H-Owater to sulfonate O bridging hydrogen bonds, forming an overall three-dimensional framework structure. This structure determination confirms the importance of water in the stabilization of certain brucine compounds which have inherent crystal instability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)520-525
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Chemical Crystallography
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010
Externally publishedYes

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