Objectives: The cancer burden is high among Australia’s Indigenous population. Following a period of increasing attention by researchers, policy makers and consumers, this study aimed to identify emerging research priorities in Indigenous cancer control.
Methods: A survey was administered to a network of individuals with an interest in cancer and Indigenous Australians. Respondents (N = 255) described what they thought was the most significant research priority for cancer control for Indigenous Australians and ranked prespecified research areas relating to components of the cancer continuum.
Results: Identified research priorities included cancer prevention and early detection; health literacy; and culturally appropriate care for Indigenous patients, survivors and families. Community engagement, Indigenous ownership, and partnership and collaboration were highlighted as critical elements underpinning research.
Conclusions: The identified research priorities, along with seminal documents such as the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Cancer Framework, provide a roadmap for developing, funding, implementing and translating research to reduce the burden of cancer for Indigenous Australians.