Inhibition and promotion of pyrolysis by hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and sulfanyl radical (SH)

Zhe Zeng, Mohammednoor Altarawneh, Ibukun Oluwoye, Peter Glarborg, Bogdan Z. Dlugogorski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This study resolves the interaction of sulfanyl radical (SH) with aliphatic (C1-C4) hydrocarbons, using CBS-QB3 based calculations. We obtained the C-H dissociation enthalpies and located the weakest link in each hydrocarbon. Subsequent computations revealed that, H abstraction by SH from the weakest C-H sites in alkenes and alkynes, except for ethylene, appears noticeably exothermic. Furthermore, abstraction of H from propene, 1-butene, and iso-butene displays pronounced spontaneity (i.e., ΔrG° < -20 kJ mol-1 between 300-1200 K) due to the relatively weak allylic hydrogen bond. However, an alkyl radical readily abstracts H atom from H2S, with H2S acting as a potent scavenger for alkyl radicals in combustion processes. That is, these reactions proceed in the opposite direction than those involving SH and alkene or alkyne species, exhibiting shallow barriers and strong spontaneity. Our findings demonstrate that the documented inhibition effect of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) on pyrolysis of alkanes does not apply to alkenes and alkynes. During interaction with hydrocarbons, the inhibitive effect of H2S and promoting interaction of SH radical depend on the reversibility of the H abstraction processes. For the three groups of hydrocarbon, Evans-Polanyi plots display linear correlations between the bond dissociation enthalpies of the abstracted hydrogens and the relevant activation energies. In the case of methane, we demonstrated that the reactivity of SH radicals toward abstracting H atoms exceeds that of HO2 but falls below those of OH and NH2 radicals. (Figure Presented).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8941-8948
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume120
Issue number45
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes

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Hydrogen Sulfide
hydrogen sulfide
promotion
Hydrocarbons
pyrolysis
Alkynes
Alkenes
Pyrolysis
alkynes
hydrocarbons
alkenes
Enthalpy
butenes
Atoms
Alkanes
Methane
enthalpy
dissociation
Hydrogen
Hydrogen bonds

Cite this

Zeng, Zhe ; Altarawneh, Mohammednoor ; Oluwoye, Ibukun ; Glarborg, Peter ; Dlugogorski, Bogdan Z. / Inhibition and promotion of pyrolysis by hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and sulfanyl radical (SH). In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 2016 ; Vol. 120, No. 45. pp. 8941-8948.
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title = "Inhibition and promotion of pyrolysis by hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and sulfanyl radical (SH)",
abstract = "This study resolves the interaction of sulfanyl radical (SH) with aliphatic (C1-C4) hydrocarbons, using CBS-QB3 based calculations. We obtained the C-H dissociation enthalpies and located the weakest link in each hydrocarbon. Subsequent computations revealed that, H abstraction by SH from the weakest C-H sites in alkenes and alkynes, except for ethylene, appears noticeably exothermic. Furthermore, abstraction of H from propene, 1-butene, and iso-butene displays pronounced spontaneity (i.e., ΔrG° < -20 kJ mol-1 between 300-1200 K) due to the relatively weak allylic hydrogen bond. However, an alkyl radical readily abstracts H atom from H2S, with H2S acting as a potent scavenger for alkyl radicals in combustion processes. That is, these reactions proceed in the opposite direction than those involving SH and alkene or alkyne species, exhibiting shallow barriers and strong spontaneity. Our findings demonstrate that the documented inhibition effect of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) on pyrolysis of alkanes does not apply to alkenes and alkynes. During interaction with hydrocarbons, the inhibitive effect of H2S and promoting interaction of SH radical depend on the reversibility of the H abstraction processes. For the three groups of hydrocarbon, Evans-Polanyi plots display linear correlations between the bond dissociation enthalpies of the abstracted hydrogens and the relevant activation energies. In the case of methane, we demonstrated that the reactivity of SH radicals toward abstracting H atoms exceeds that of HO2 but falls below those of OH and NH2 radicals. (Figure Presented).",
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Zeng, Z, Altarawneh, M, Oluwoye, I, Glarborg, P & Dlugogorski, BZ 2016, 'Inhibition and promotion of pyrolysis by hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and sulfanyl radical (SH)', Journal of Physical Chemistry A, vol. 120, no. 45, pp. 8941-8948. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpca.6b09357

Inhibition and promotion of pyrolysis by hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and sulfanyl radical (SH). / Zeng, Zhe; Altarawneh, Mohammednoor; Oluwoye, Ibukun; Glarborg, Peter; Dlugogorski, Bogdan Z.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol. 120, No. 45, 25.10.2016, p. 8941-8948.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Inhibition and promotion of pyrolysis by hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and sulfanyl radical (SH)

AU - Zeng, Zhe

AU - Altarawneh, Mohammednoor

AU - Oluwoye, Ibukun

AU - Glarborg, Peter

AU - Dlugogorski, Bogdan Z.

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N2 - This study resolves the interaction of sulfanyl radical (SH) with aliphatic (C1-C4) hydrocarbons, using CBS-QB3 based calculations. We obtained the C-H dissociation enthalpies and located the weakest link in each hydrocarbon. Subsequent computations revealed that, H abstraction by SH from the weakest C-H sites in alkenes and alkynes, except for ethylene, appears noticeably exothermic. Furthermore, abstraction of H from propene, 1-butene, and iso-butene displays pronounced spontaneity (i.e., ΔrG° < -20 kJ mol-1 between 300-1200 K) due to the relatively weak allylic hydrogen bond. However, an alkyl radical readily abstracts H atom from H2S, with H2S acting as a potent scavenger for alkyl radicals in combustion processes. That is, these reactions proceed in the opposite direction than those involving SH and alkene or alkyne species, exhibiting shallow barriers and strong spontaneity. Our findings demonstrate that the documented inhibition effect of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) on pyrolysis of alkanes does not apply to alkenes and alkynes. During interaction with hydrocarbons, the inhibitive effect of H2S and promoting interaction of SH radical depend on the reversibility of the H abstraction processes. For the three groups of hydrocarbon, Evans-Polanyi plots display linear correlations between the bond dissociation enthalpies of the abstracted hydrogens and the relevant activation energies. In the case of methane, we demonstrated that the reactivity of SH radicals toward abstracting H atoms exceeds that of HO2 but falls below those of OH and NH2 radicals. (Figure Presented).

AB - This study resolves the interaction of sulfanyl radical (SH) with aliphatic (C1-C4) hydrocarbons, using CBS-QB3 based calculations. We obtained the C-H dissociation enthalpies and located the weakest link in each hydrocarbon. Subsequent computations revealed that, H abstraction by SH from the weakest C-H sites in alkenes and alkynes, except for ethylene, appears noticeably exothermic. Furthermore, abstraction of H from propene, 1-butene, and iso-butene displays pronounced spontaneity (i.e., ΔrG° < -20 kJ mol-1 between 300-1200 K) due to the relatively weak allylic hydrogen bond. However, an alkyl radical readily abstracts H atom from H2S, with H2S acting as a potent scavenger for alkyl radicals in combustion processes. That is, these reactions proceed in the opposite direction than those involving SH and alkene or alkyne species, exhibiting shallow barriers and strong spontaneity. Our findings demonstrate that the documented inhibition effect of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) on pyrolysis of alkanes does not apply to alkenes and alkynes. During interaction with hydrocarbons, the inhibitive effect of H2S and promoting interaction of SH radical depend on the reversibility of the H abstraction processes. For the three groups of hydrocarbon, Evans-Polanyi plots display linear correlations between the bond dissociation enthalpies of the abstracted hydrogens and the relevant activation energies. In the case of methane, we demonstrated that the reactivity of SH radicals toward abstracting H atoms exceeds that of HO2 but falls below those of OH and NH2 radicals. (Figure Presented).

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