Integrated cross-realm planning: A decision-makers' perspective

Jorge Álvarez- Romero, Vanessa Adams, Robert Pressey, Michael Douglas, Allan Dale, Amelie Auge, Derek Ball, John Childs, Mike Digby, Rebecca Dobbs, N Gobius, David Hinchley, Ian Lancaster, Mirjam Maughan, Ian Perdrisat

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Pursuing development and conservation goals often requires thinking and planning across terrestrial, freshwater and marine realms because many threats and social-ecological processes transcend realm boundaries. Consequently, effective conservation planningmust consider the social and ecological links between realms and follow a cross-realm approach to allocate land/water uses and conservation actions to mitigate cross-realmthreats and maintain cross-realm ecological processes. Cross-realm planning requires integrating multiple objectives for conservation and development, and assessing the potential co-benefits and trade-offs between themunder alternative development scenarios. Despite progress in cross-realmplanning theory, fewfully-integrated and applied cross-realmplans exist. The gaps between research and implementation are not unique to cross-realm planning, but are accentuated by the complexity of spatial decision-making entailed. Based on a collaborative process including scientists, resource managers and policy-makers, we developed an operational framework for crossrealm planning based on up-to-date thinking in conservation science, but offering practical guidance to operationalise real-world planning. Our approach has a strong theoretical basis while addressing the visions and needs of decision-makers. We discuss the foundations and limitations of current approaches in crossrealm planning, describe key requirements to undertake this approach, and present a real-world application of our framework.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)799-808
    Number of pages10
    JournalBiological Conservation
    Publication statusPublished - 2015


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