Interaction of ectoparasites-small mammals in tropical rainforest of Malaysia

A Madinah, F Abang, A Mariana, M Abdullah, Jayasilan Mohd-Azlan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    The literature regarding the diversity of ectoparasites and their interaction with their hosts remains largely inadequate in Malaysian tropical rainforest. We investigate the interaction patterns and specialization of ectoparasites infesting terrestrial small mammals (rodents and scandents) in Peninsular and Malaysian Borneo from samples made in 16 localities between 2008 and 2010. A total of 3,235 individuals of ectoparasites were collected during field surveys, resulting in an interaction network involving 47 ectoparasites that were distributed on 23 species of small mammals. The overall specialization index H2′ of all ectoparasites and host species was 0.67 which was considered moderate. Ticks appeared to be generalist with specialization index (H2′ = 0.35) while lice showed higher specialization (H2′ = 1) in selecting host species. The most diverse parasite assemblage was found on S. muelleri (Hs_w = 1.96). Specialization indices among ectoparasite species (dp) ranged from 0.03 to 1 while the indices among host species (dh) ranged from 0.20 to 1. Incomplete field data may have contributed to the high specialization indices. This study is significant as it can enhance our understanding the emergence and management of potential zoonotic diseases in Malaysia.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)113-120
    Number of pages8
    JournalCommunity Ecology
    Volume15
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Fingerprint

    ectoparasite
    tropical rain forests
    ectoparasites
    small mammal
    small mammals
    rainforest
    Malaysia
    louse
    tick
    lice
    zoonoses
    Borneo
    generalist
    rodent
    field survey
    ticks
    parasite
    rodents
    parasites
    index

    Cite this

    Madinah, A., Abang, F., Mariana, A., Abdullah, M., & Mohd-Azlan, J. (2014). Interaction of ectoparasites-small mammals in tropical rainforest of Malaysia. Community Ecology, 15(1), 113-120. https://doi.org/10.1556/ComEc.15.2014.1.12
    Madinah, A ; Abang, F ; Mariana, A ; Abdullah, M ; Mohd-Azlan, Jayasilan. / Interaction of ectoparasites-small mammals in tropical rainforest of Malaysia. In: Community Ecology. 2014 ; Vol. 15, No. 1. pp. 113-120.
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    abstract = "The literature regarding the diversity of ectoparasites and their interaction with their hosts remains largely inadequate in Malaysian tropical rainforest. We investigate the interaction patterns and specialization of ectoparasites infesting terrestrial small mammals (rodents and scandents) in Peninsular and Malaysian Borneo from samples made in 16 localities between 2008 and 2010. A total of 3,235 individuals of ectoparasites were collected during field surveys, resulting in an interaction network involving 47 ectoparasites that were distributed on 23 species of small mammals. The overall specialization index H2′ of all ectoparasites and host species was 0.67 which was considered moderate. Ticks appeared to be generalist with specialization index (H2′ = 0.35) while lice showed higher specialization (H2′ = 1) in selecting host species. The most diverse parasite assemblage was found on S. muelleri (Hs_w = 1.96). Specialization indices among ectoparasite species (dp) ranged from 0.03 to 1 while the indices among host species (dh) ranged from 0.20 to 1. Incomplete field data may have contributed to the high specialization indices. This study is significant as it can enhance our understanding the emergence and management of potential zoonotic diseases in Malaysia.",
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    Madinah, A, Abang, F, Mariana, A, Abdullah, M & Mohd-Azlan, J 2014, 'Interaction of ectoparasites-small mammals in tropical rainforest of Malaysia', Community Ecology, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 113-120. https://doi.org/10.1556/ComEc.15.2014.1.12

    Interaction of ectoparasites-small mammals in tropical rainforest of Malaysia. / Madinah, A; Abang, F; Mariana, A; Abdullah, M; Mohd-Azlan, Jayasilan.

    In: Community Ecology, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2014, p. 113-120.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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    AB - The literature regarding the diversity of ectoparasites and their interaction with their hosts remains largely inadequate in Malaysian tropical rainforest. We investigate the interaction patterns and specialization of ectoparasites infesting terrestrial small mammals (rodents and scandents) in Peninsular and Malaysian Borneo from samples made in 16 localities between 2008 and 2010. A total of 3,235 individuals of ectoparasites were collected during field surveys, resulting in an interaction network involving 47 ectoparasites that were distributed on 23 species of small mammals. The overall specialization index H2′ of all ectoparasites and host species was 0.67 which was considered moderate. Ticks appeared to be generalist with specialization index (H2′ = 0.35) while lice showed higher specialization (H2′ = 1) in selecting host species. The most diverse parasite assemblage was found on S. muelleri (Hs_w = 1.96). Specialization indices among ectoparasite species (dp) ranged from 0.03 to 1 while the indices among host species (dh) ranged from 0.20 to 1. Incomplete field data may have contributed to the high specialization indices. This study is significant as it can enhance our understanding the emergence and management of potential zoonotic diseases in Malaysia.

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