Intestinal parasites of children and adults in a remote Aboriginal community of the Northern Territory, Australia, 1994-1996

Jennifer Shield, Kieran Aland, Therese Kearns, Glenda Gongdjalk, Deborah Holt, Bart Currie, Paul Prociv

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    Abstract

    Introduction: Parasitic infections can adversely impact health, nutritional status and educational attainment. This study investigated hookworm and other intestinal parasites in an Aboriginal community in Australia from 1994 to 1996.

    Methods: Seven surveys for intestinal parasites were conducted by a quantitative formol-ether method on faecal samples. Serological testing was conducted for Strongyloides stercoralis and Toxocara canis IgG by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays.

    Results: Of the 314 participants, infections were as follows: Trichuris trichiura (86%); hookworm, predominantly Ancylostoma duodenale (36%); Entamoeba spp. (E. histolytica complex [E. histolytica, E. dispar and E. moskovski], E. coli and E. hartmanni) (25%); S. stercoralis (19%); Rodentolepis nana (16%); and Giardia duodenalis (10%). Serological diagnosis for 29 individuals showed that 28% were positive for S. stercoralis and 21% for T. canis. There was a decrease in the proportion positive for hookworm over the two-year period but not for the other parasite species. The presence of hookworm, T. trichiura and Entamoeba spp. was significantly greater in 5–14 year olds (n = 87) than in 0–4 year olds (n = 41), while the presence of S. stercoralis, R. nana, G. duodenalis and Entamoeba spp. in 5–14 year olds was significantly greater than 15–69 year olds (n = 91).

    Discussion:
    Faecal testing indicated a very high prevalence of intestinal parasites, especially in schoolchildren. The decrease in percentage positive for hookworm over the two years was likely due to the albendazole deworming programme, and recent evidence indicates that the prevalence of hookworm is now low. However there was no sustained decrease in percentage positive for the other parasite species.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)44-51
    Number of pages8
    JournalWestern Pacific surveillance and response journal : WPSAR
    Volume6
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Fingerprint

    Northern Territory
    Ancylostomatoidea
    Strongyloides stercoralis
    Parasites
    Entamoeba
    Toxocara canis
    Trichuris
    Giardia lamblia
    Ancylostoma
    Albendazole
    Parasitic Diseases
    Nutritional Status
    Ether
    Formaldehyde
    Health Status
    Immunoglobulin G
    Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
    Escherichia coli
    Infection

    Cite this

    @article{62937f9761354bba968aa973934c34b7,
    title = "Intestinal parasites of children and adults in a remote Aboriginal community of the Northern Territory, Australia, 1994-1996",
    abstract = "Introduction: Parasitic infections can adversely impact health, nutritional status and educational attainment. This study investigated hookworm and other intestinal parasites in an Aboriginal community in Australia from 1994 to 1996.Methods: Seven surveys for intestinal parasites were conducted by a quantitative formol-ether method on faecal samples. Serological testing was conducted for Strongyloides stercoralis and Toxocara canis IgG by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays.Results: Of the 314 participants, infections were as follows: Trichuris trichiura (86{\%}); hookworm, predominantly Ancylostoma duodenale (36{\%}); Entamoeba spp. (E. histolytica complex [E. histolytica, E. dispar and E. moskovski], E. coli and E. hartmanni) (25{\%}); S. stercoralis (19{\%}); Rodentolepis nana (16{\%}); and Giardia duodenalis (10{\%}). Serological diagnosis for 29 individuals showed that 28{\%} were positive for S. stercoralis and 21{\%} for T. canis. There was a decrease in the proportion positive for hookworm over the two-year period but not for the other parasite species. The presence of hookworm, T. trichiura and Entamoeba spp. was significantly greater in 5–14 year olds (n = 87) than in 0–4 year olds (n = 41), while the presence of S. stercoralis, R. nana, G. duodenalis and Entamoeba spp. in 5–14 year olds was significantly greater than 15–69 year olds (n = 91).Discussion: Faecal testing indicated a very high prevalence of intestinal parasites, especially in schoolchildren. The decrease in percentage positive for hookworm over the two years was likely due to the albendazole deworming programme, and recent evidence indicates that the prevalence of hookworm is now low. However there was no sustained decrease in percentage positive for the other parasite species.",
    author = "Jennifer Shield and Kieran Aland and Therese Kearns and Glenda Gongdjalk and Deborah Holt and Bart Currie and Paul Prociv",
    year = "2015",
    doi = "10.5365/wpsar.2015.6.1.008",
    language = "English",
    volume = "6",
    pages = "44--51",
    journal = "Western Pacific surveillance and response journal : WPSAR",
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    Intestinal parasites of children and adults in a remote Aboriginal community of the Northern Territory, Australia, 1994-1996. / Shield, Jennifer; Aland, Kieran; Kearns, Therese; Gongdjalk, Glenda; Holt, Deborah; Currie, Bart; Prociv, Paul.

    In: Western Pacific surveillance and response journal : WPSAR, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2015, p. 44-51.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Intestinal parasites of children and adults in a remote Aboriginal community of the Northern Territory, Australia, 1994-1996

    AU - Shield, Jennifer

    AU - Aland, Kieran

    AU - Kearns, Therese

    AU - Gongdjalk, Glenda

    AU - Holt, Deborah

    AU - Currie, Bart

    AU - Prociv, Paul

    PY - 2015

    Y1 - 2015

    N2 - Introduction: Parasitic infections can adversely impact health, nutritional status and educational attainment. This study investigated hookworm and other intestinal parasites in an Aboriginal community in Australia from 1994 to 1996.Methods: Seven surveys for intestinal parasites were conducted by a quantitative formol-ether method on faecal samples. Serological testing was conducted for Strongyloides stercoralis and Toxocara canis IgG by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays.Results: Of the 314 participants, infections were as follows: Trichuris trichiura (86%); hookworm, predominantly Ancylostoma duodenale (36%); Entamoeba spp. (E. histolytica complex [E. histolytica, E. dispar and E. moskovski], E. coli and E. hartmanni) (25%); S. stercoralis (19%); Rodentolepis nana (16%); and Giardia duodenalis (10%). Serological diagnosis for 29 individuals showed that 28% were positive for S. stercoralis and 21% for T. canis. There was a decrease in the proportion positive for hookworm over the two-year period but not for the other parasite species. The presence of hookworm, T. trichiura and Entamoeba spp. was significantly greater in 5–14 year olds (n = 87) than in 0–4 year olds (n = 41), while the presence of S. stercoralis, R. nana, G. duodenalis and Entamoeba spp. in 5–14 year olds was significantly greater than 15–69 year olds (n = 91).Discussion: Faecal testing indicated a very high prevalence of intestinal parasites, especially in schoolchildren. The decrease in percentage positive for hookworm over the two years was likely due to the albendazole deworming programme, and recent evidence indicates that the prevalence of hookworm is now low. However there was no sustained decrease in percentage positive for the other parasite species.

    AB - Introduction: Parasitic infections can adversely impact health, nutritional status and educational attainment. This study investigated hookworm and other intestinal parasites in an Aboriginal community in Australia from 1994 to 1996.Methods: Seven surveys for intestinal parasites were conducted by a quantitative formol-ether method on faecal samples. Serological testing was conducted for Strongyloides stercoralis and Toxocara canis IgG by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays.Results: Of the 314 participants, infections were as follows: Trichuris trichiura (86%); hookworm, predominantly Ancylostoma duodenale (36%); Entamoeba spp. (E. histolytica complex [E. histolytica, E. dispar and E. moskovski], E. coli and E. hartmanni) (25%); S. stercoralis (19%); Rodentolepis nana (16%); and Giardia duodenalis (10%). Serological diagnosis for 29 individuals showed that 28% were positive for S. stercoralis and 21% for T. canis. There was a decrease in the proportion positive for hookworm over the two-year period but not for the other parasite species. The presence of hookworm, T. trichiura and Entamoeba spp. was significantly greater in 5–14 year olds (n = 87) than in 0–4 year olds (n = 41), while the presence of S. stercoralis, R. nana, G. duodenalis and Entamoeba spp. in 5–14 year olds was significantly greater than 15–69 year olds (n = 91).Discussion: Faecal testing indicated a very high prevalence of intestinal parasites, especially in schoolchildren. The decrease in percentage positive for hookworm over the two years was likely due to the albendazole deworming programme, and recent evidence indicates that the prevalence of hookworm is now low. However there was no sustained decrease in percentage positive for the other parasite species.

    U2 - 10.5365/wpsar.2015.6.1.008

    DO - 10.5365/wpsar.2015.6.1.008

    M3 - Article

    VL - 6

    SP - 44

    EP - 51

    JO - Western Pacific surveillance and response journal : WPSAR

    JF - Western Pacific surveillance and response journal : WPSAR

    SN - 2094-7313

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