Intrahost Selection of Plasmodium falciparum pfmdr1 Alleles after Antimalarial Treatment on the Northwestern Border of Thailand

A Uhlemann, R McGready, Elizabeth Ashley, A Brockman, Pratap Singhasivanon, Sanjeev Krishna, N WHITE, F NOSTEN, Ric Price

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    Abstract

    Background. Increased pfmdr1 copy number is associated with reduced susceptibility to structurally unrelated antimalarial drugs. We assessed how administration of different antimalarial drugs altered pfmdr1 polymorphism in parasites from patients who experienced treatment failure. Methods. In studies conducted on the northwestern border of Thailand, amplifications and single-nucleotide polymorphisms in pfmdr1 were compared before and after antimalarial drug treatment. Results. Intrahost changes in pfmdr1 copy number were observed in 20% (26/132) of patients with recurrent infections. Among infections that recrudesced after mefloquine-containing regimens, increases in pfmdr1 copy number occurred in 68% (95% confidence interval [CI], 46%-85%), and decreases occurred in 2% (95% CI, 0.4%-11%) of isolates; corresponding proportions after artemether-lumefantrine were 25% (2/8) and 11% (2/19); after quinine, 50% (1/2) and 40% (4/10); and after artemisinins alone, 0% (0/10) and 19% (3/16) of isolates (overall P < .001). Conclusions. Intrahost selection based on pfmdr1 copy number occurs frequently in parasite populations within individual patients. Amplification confers multidrug resistance but probably imposes a significant fitness cost to the parasites. � 2006 by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)134-141
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
    Volume195
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

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    Uhlemann, A., McGready, R., Ashley, E., Brockman, A., Singhasivanon, P., Krishna, S., WHITE, N., NOSTEN, F., & Price, R. (2007). Intrahost Selection of Plasmodium falciparum pfmdr1 Alleles after Antimalarial Treatment on the Northwestern Border of Thailand. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 195(1), 134-141.