Island of opportunity

can New Guinea protect amphibians from a globally emerging pathogen?

Deborah S. Bower, Karen R. Lips, Yolarnie Amepou, Stephen Richards, Chris Dahl, Elizah Nagombi, Miriam Supuma, Lisa Dabek, Ross A. Alford, Lin Schwarzkopf, Mark Ziembicki, Jeffrey N. Noro, Amir Hamidy, Graeme R. Gillespie, Lee Berger, Carla Eisemberg, Yiming Li, Xuan Liu, Charlotte K. Jennings, Burhan Tjaturadi & 10 others Andrew Peters, Andrew K. Krockenberger, Dillian Nason, Mirza D. Kusrini, Rebecca J. Webb, Lee F. Skerratt, Chris Banks, Andrew L. Mack, Arthur Georges, Simon Clulow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The amphibian chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (chytrid) has caused the most widespread, disease-induced declines and extinctions in vertebrates recorded to date. The largest climatically suitable landmass that may still be free of this fungus is New Guinea. The island is home to a sizeable proportion of the world's known frog species (an estimated 6%), as well as many additional, yet-to-be-described species. Two decades of research on the chytrid fungus have provided a foundation for improved management of amphibian populations. We call for urgent, unified, international, multidisciplinary action to prepare for the arrival of B dendrobatidis in New Guinea, to prevent or slow its spread within the island after it arrives, and to limit its impact upon the island's frog populations. The apparent absence of the fungus in New Guinea offers an opportunity to build capacity in advance for science, disease surveillance, and diagnosis that will have broad relevance both for non-human animal health and for public health.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)348-354
Number of pages7
JournalFrontiers in Ecology and the Environment
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019
Externally publishedYes

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New Guinea
amphibian
amphibians
pathogen
fungus
fungi
pathogens
frog
frogs
disease surveillance
disease diagnosis
animal health
public health
vertebrate
extinction
vertebrates

Cite this

Bower, D. S., Lips, K. R., Amepou, Y., Richards, S., Dahl, C., Nagombi, E., ... Clulow, S. (2019). Island of opportunity: can New Guinea protect amphibians from a globally emerging pathogen? Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 17(6), 348-354. https://doi.org/10.1002/fee.2057
Bower, Deborah S. ; Lips, Karen R. ; Amepou, Yolarnie ; Richards, Stephen ; Dahl, Chris ; Nagombi, Elizah ; Supuma, Miriam ; Dabek, Lisa ; Alford, Ross A. ; Schwarzkopf, Lin ; Ziembicki, Mark ; Noro, Jeffrey N. ; Hamidy, Amir ; Gillespie, Graeme R. ; Berger, Lee ; Eisemberg, Carla ; Li, Yiming ; Liu, Xuan ; Jennings, Charlotte K. ; Tjaturadi, Burhan ; Peters, Andrew ; Krockenberger, Andrew K. ; Nason, Dillian ; Kusrini, Mirza D. ; Webb, Rebecca J. ; Skerratt, Lee F. ; Banks, Chris ; Mack, Andrew L. ; Georges, Arthur ; Clulow, Simon. / Island of opportunity : can New Guinea protect amphibians from a globally emerging pathogen?. In: Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 2019 ; Vol. 17, No. 6. pp. 348-354.
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title = "Island of opportunity: can New Guinea protect amphibians from a globally emerging pathogen?",
abstract = "The amphibian chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (chytrid) has caused the most widespread, disease-induced declines and extinctions in vertebrates recorded to date. The largest climatically suitable landmass that may still be free of this fungus is New Guinea. The island is home to a sizeable proportion of the world's known frog species (an estimated 6{\%}), as well as many additional, yet-to-be-described species. Two decades of research on the chytrid fungus have provided a foundation for improved management of amphibian populations. We call for urgent, unified, international, multidisciplinary action to prepare for the arrival of B dendrobatidis in New Guinea, to prevent or slow its spread within the island after it arrives, and to limit its impact upon the island's frog populations. The apparent absence of the fungus in New Guinea offers an opportunity to build capacity in advance for science, disease surveillance, and diagnosis that will have broad relevance both for non-human animal health and for public health.",
author = "Bower, {Deborah S.} and Lips, {Karen R.} and Yolarnie Amepou and Stephen Richards and Chris Dahl and Elizah Nagombi and Miriam Supuma and Lisa Dabek and Alford, {Ross A.} and Lin Schwarzkopf and Mark Ziembicki and Noro, {Jeffrey N.} and Amir Hamidy and Gillespie, {Graeme R.} and Lee Berger and Carla Eisemberg and Yiming Li and Xuan Liu and Jennings, {Charlotte K.} and Burhan Tjaturadi and Andrew Peters and Krockenberger, {Andrew K.} and Dillian Nason and Kusrini, {Mirza D.} and Webb, {Rebecca J.} and Skerratt, {Lee F.} and Chris Banks and Mack, {Andrew L.} and Arthur Georges and Simon Clulow",
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Bower, DS, Lips, KR, Amepou, Y, Richards, S, Dahl, C, Nagombi, E, Supuma, M, Dabek, L, Alford, RA, Schwarzkopf, L, Ziembicki, M, Noro, JN, Hamidy, A, Gillespie, GR, Berger, L, Eisemberg, C, Li, Y, Liu, X, Jennings, CK, Tjaturadi, B, Peters, A, Krockenberger, AK, Nason, D, Kusrini, MD, Webb, RJ, Skerratt, LF, Banks, C, Mack, AL, Georges, A & Clulow, S 2019, 'Island of opportunity: can New Guinea protect amphibians from a globally emerging pathogen?', Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 348-354. https://doi.org/10.1002/fee.2057

Island of opportunity : can New Guinea protect amphibians from a globally emerging pathogen? / Bower, Deborah S.; Lips, Karen R.; Amepou, Yolarnie; Richards, Stephen; Dahl, Chris; Nagombi, Elizah; Supuma, Miriam; Dabek, Lisa; Alford, Ross A.; Schwarzkopf, Lin; Ziembicki, Mark; Noro, Jeffrey N.; Hamidy, Amir; Gillespie, Graeme R.; Berger, Lee; Eisemberg, Carla; Li, Yiming; Liu, Xuan; Jennings, Charlotte K.; Tjaturadi, Burhan; Peters, Andrew; Krockenberger, Andrew K.; Nason, Dillian; Kusrini, Mirza D.; Webb, Rebecca J.; Skerratt, Lee F.; Banks, Chris; Mack, Andrew L.; Georges, Arthur; Clulow, Simon.

In: Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, Vol. 17, No. 6, 08.2019, p. 348-354.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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