Large prey for a small predator

Black-thighed Falconet Microhierax fringillarius preying on Black-capped Babbler Pellorneum capistratum

Joko Setiyono, Siti Diniarsih, Richard A. Noske, Nurdin S. Budi, Elde N R Oscilata, Muhammad M. Amna

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Restricted to Southeast Asia from the Central Himalayas eastwards, the Falconets of the genus Microhierax are the smallest of all birds of prey (White et al. 1994). Of the five species in the genus, only the Black-thighed Falconet Microhierax fringillarius has been recorded in Indonesia (Sukmantoro et al. 2007; MacKinnon et al. 2010; Irham et al. 2012). Measuring a mere 14-17 cm in total length (White et al. 1994) this species feeds mainly on insects, including moths, butterflies, dragonflies, alate termites, cicadas, orthopterans and beetles. However it is also known to sometimes take small birds such as munias and sunbirds, and occasionally lizards (White et al. 1994; Ferguson-Lees & Christie 2001; Wells 2007). In west and east Java none of the 50 or more stomachs examined by Bartels (1915-1931) contained avian remains, but remains of a small bat were found in a female’s stomach, and a prey transfer involving a small tree lizard was observed. In Central Java, Verbeek (1938) described the stomach contents of four Falconets, only one of which contained some bird feathers. H.J.V. Sody (in Becking 1989) lists three bird species as prey: White-capped Munia Lonchura malacca (= L. ferruginosa), White-headed Munia L. maja and Barn swallow Hirundo rustica. In Baluran National Park, East Java, one was observed eating a Cave Swiftlet Collocalia linchi (Winnasis et al. 2011). Here we describe an observation of a Falconet preying on a bird that is unusually large relative to its own size.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)32-36
    Number of pages5
    JournalKukila
    Volume18
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014

    Fingerprint

    Indonesia
    predators
    Hirundo rustica
    stomach
    birds
    lizards
    Cicadidae
    Apodidae
    Anisoptera (Odonata)
    birds of prey
    Orthoptera
    South East Asia
    Isoptera
    caves
    feathers
    butterflies
    Chiroptera
    moths
    national parks
    ingestion

    Cite this

    Setiyono, J., Diniarsih, S., Noske, R. A., Budi, N. S., Oscilata, E. N. R., & Amna, M. M. (2014). Large prey for a small predator: Black-thighed Falconet Microhierax fringillarius preying on Black-capped Babbler Pellorneum capistratum. Kukila, 18(1), 32-36.
    Setiyono, Joko ; Diniarsih, Siti ; Noske, Richard A. ; Budi, Nurdin S. ; Oscilata, Elde N R ; Amna, Muhammad M. / Large prey for a small predator : Black-thighed Falconet Microhierax fringillarius preying on Black-capped Babbler Pellorneum capistratum. In: Kukila. 2014 ; Vol. 18, No. 1. pp. 32-36.
    @article{4d91387d5bf643c19edac54c1c6489ea,
    title = "Large prey for a small predator: Black-thighed Falconet Microhierax fringillarius preying on Black-capped Babbler Pellorneum capistratum",
    abstract = "Restricted to Southeast Asia from the Central Himalayas eastwards, the Falconets of the genus Microhierax are the smallest of all birds of prey (White et al. 1994). Of the five species in the genus, only the Black-thighed Falconet Microhierax fringillarius has been recorded in Indonesia (Sukmantoro et al. 2007; MacKinnon et al. 2010; Irham et al. 2012). Measuring a mere 14-17 cm in total length (White et al. 1994) this species feeds mainly on insects, including moths, butterflies, dragonflies, alate termites, cicadas, orthopterans and beetles. However it is also known to sometimes take small birds such as munias and sunbirds, and occasionally lizards (White et al. 1994; Ferguson-Lees & Christie 2001; Wells 2007). In west and east Java none of the 50 or more stomachs examined by Bartels (1915-1931) contained avian remains, but remains of a small bat were found in a female’s stomach, and a prey transfer involving a small tree lizard was observed. In Central Java, Verbeek (1938) described the stomach contents of four Falconets, only one of which contained some bird feathers. H.J.V. Sody (in Becking 1989) lists three bird species as prey: White-capped Munia Lonchura malacca (= L. ferruginosa), White-headed Munia L. maja and Barn swallow Hirundo rustica. In Baluran National Park, East Java, one was observed eating a Cave Swiftlet Collocalia linchi (Winnasis et al. 2011). Here we describe an observation of a Falconet preying on a bird that is unusually large relative to its own size.",
    author = "Joko Setiyono and Siti Diniarsih and Noske, {Richard A.} and Budi, {Nurdin S.} and Oscilata, {Elde N R} and Amna, {Muhammad M.}",
    year = "2014",
    month = "1",
    language = "English",
    volume = "18",
    pages = "32--36",
    journal = "Kukila",
    issn = "0216-9223",
    publisher = "P I L I - N G O Movement",
    number = "1",

    }

    Setiyono, J, Diniarsih, S, Noske, RA, Budi, NS, Oscilata, ENR & Amna, MM 2014, 'Large prey for a small predator: Black-thighed Falconet Microhierax fringillarius preying on Black-capped Babbler Pellorneum capistratum', Kukila, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 32-36.

    Large prey for a small predator : Black-thighed Falconet Microhierax fringillarius preying on Black-capped Babbler Pellorneum capistratum. / Setiyono, Joko; Diniarsih, Siti; Noske, Richard A.; Budi, Nurdin S.; Oscilata, Elde N R; Amna, Muhammad M.

    In: Kukila, Vol. 18, No. 1, 01.2014, p. 32-36.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Large prey for a small predator

    T2 - Black-thighed Falconet Microhierax fringillarius preying on Black-capped Babbler Pellorneum capistratum

    AU - Setiyono, Joko

    AU - Diniarsih, Siti

    AU - Noske, Richard A.

    AU - Budi, Nurdin S.

    AU - Oscilata, Elde N R

    AU - Amna, Muhammad M.

    PY - 2014/1

    Y1 - 2014/1

    N2 - Restricted to Southeast Asia from the Central Himalayas eastwards, the Falconets of the genus Microhierax are the smallest of all birds of prey (White et al. 1994). Of the five species in the genus, only the Black-thighed Falconet Microhierax fringillarius has been recorded in Indonesia (Sukmantoro et al. 2007; MacKinnon et al. 2010; Irham et al. 2012). Measuring a mere 14-17 cm in total length (White et al. 1994) this species feeds mainly on insects, including moths, butterflies, dragonflies, alate termites, cicadas, orthopterans and beetles. However it is also known to sometimes take small birds such as munias and sunbirds, and occasionally lizards (White et al. 1994; Ferguson-Lees & Christie 2001; Wells 2007). In west and east Java none of the 50 or more stomachs examined by Bartels (1915-1931) contained avian remains, but remains of a small bat were found in a female’s stomach, and a prey transfer involving a small tree lizard was observed. In Central Java, Verbeek (1938) described the stomach contents of four Falconets, only one of which contained some bird feathers. H.J.V. Sody (in Becking 1989) lists three bird species as prey: White-capped Munia Lonchura malacca (= L. ferruginosa), White-headed Munia L. maja and Barn swallow Hirundo rustica. In Baluran National Park, East Java, one was observed eating a Cave Swiftlet Collocalia linchi (Winnasis et al. 2011). Here we describe an observation of a Falconet preying on a bird that is unusually large relative to its own size.

    AB - Restricted to Southeast Asia from the Central Himalayas eastwards, the Falconets of the genus Microhierax are the smallest of all birds of prey (White et al. 1994). Of the five species in the genus, only the Black-thighed Falconet Microhierax fringillarius has been recorded in Indonesia (Sukmantoro et al. 2007; MacKinnon et al. 2010; Irham et al. 2012). Measuring a mere 14-17 cm in total length (White et al. 1994) this species feeds mainly on insects, including moths, butterflies, dragonflies, alate termites, cicadas, orthopterans and beetles. However it is also known to sometimes take small birds such as munias and sunbirds, and occasionally lizards (White et al. 1994; Ferguson-Lees & Christie 2001; Wells 2007). In west and east Java none of the 50 or more stomachs examined by Bartels (1915-1931) contained avian remains, but remains of a small bat were found in a female’s stomach, and a prey transfer involving a small tree lizard was observed. In Central Java, Verbeek (1938) described the stomach contents of four Falconets, only one of which contained some bird feathers. H.J.V. Sody (in Becking 1989) lists three bird species as prey: White-capped Munia Lonchura malacca (= L. ferruginosa), White-headed Munia L. maja and Barn swallow Hirundo rustica. In Baluran National Park, East Java, one was observed eating a Cave Swiftlet Collocalia linchi (Winnasis et al. 2011). Here we describe an observation of a Falconet preying on a bird that is unusually large relative to its own size.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84925389457&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - https://www.researchgate.net/publication/288319344_Large_prey_for_a_small_predator_Black-thighed_Falconet_Microhierax_fringillarius_preying_on_Black-capped_Babbler_Pellorneum_capistratum

    M3 - Article

    VL - 18

    SP - 32

    EP - 36

    JO - Kukila

    JF - Kukila

    SN - 0216-9223

    IS - 1

    ER -