Leaf Axil Anatomy and Bud Reserves in 21 Myrtaceae Species from Northern Australia

G Burrows, San Hornby, D Waters, Sean Bellairs, Lynda Prior, David Bowman

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Dormant axillary buds allow plants to repair minor damage to their canopies. In woody plants, these buds subsequently develop into epicormic structures that mayallow vegetative recovery after major disturbances. They are an essential but little-studied part of the persistence niche. We wondered what bud reserves were present in the leaf axils of northern Australian myrtaceous species, what levels of protection they have, and how this relates to the ecology of these species. Axillary buds of 21 species from 10 genera of northern Australian Myrtaceae were examined anatomically. All species possessed axillary buds in all axils examined, and accessory buds were recorded in 86% of species. The species exhibited an extremely wide range of variation - from axillary buds that consisted of only an apical dome with no leaf primordia (Calytrix exstipulata) to axils with a complex array of accessory buds and meristems located beneath the axil surface (Corymbia and Eucalyptus). The axils of the Eucalyptus and Corymbia species had a greater number of and better protected axillary buds and meristems than the other species studied, including some of their closest relatives, Arillastrum, Allosyncarpia, and Stockwellia. All investigated species had an excellent meristem reserve for recovery of photosynthetic capacity after minor canopy damage and for developing epicormic structures for sprouting after more severe damage. The complex and well-protected axillary bud or meristem structures of Corymbia and Eucalyptus may be an important component of the success of these genera in Australia. � 2008 by The University of Chicago. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1174-1186
    Number of pages13
    JournalInternational Journal of Plant Sciences
    Volume169
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - 2008

    Fingerprint

    Myrtaceae
    bud
    anatomy
    buds
    Corymbia
    leaves
    meristems
    Eucalyptus
    damage
    canopy
    leaf primordia
    woody plant
    sprouting
    woody plants
    repair
    dome
    niche
    niches
    persistence
    ecology

    Cite this

    Burrows, G., Hornby, S., Waters, D., Bellairs, S., Prior, L., & Bowman, D. (2008). Leaf Axil Anatomy and Bud Reserves in 21 Myrtaceae Species from Northern Australia. International Journal of Plant Sciences, 169(9), 1174-1186.
    Burrows, G ; Hornby, San ; Waters, D ; Bellairs, Sean ; Prior, Lynda ; Bowman, David. / Leaf Axil Anatomy and Bud Reserves in 21 Myrtaceae Species from Northern Australia. In: International Journal of Plant Sciences. 2008 ; Vol. 169, No. 9. pp. 1174-1186.
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    abstract = "Dormant axillary buds allow plants to repair minor damage to their canopies. In woody plants, these buds subsequently develop into epicormic structures that mayallow vegetative recovery after major disturbances. They are an essential but little-studied part of the persistence niche. We wondered what bud reserves were present in the leaf axils of northern Australian myrtaceous species, what levels of protection they have, and how this relates to the ecology of these species. Axillary buds of 21 species from 10 genera of northern Australian Myrtaceae were examined anatomically. All species possessed axillary buds in all axils examined, and accessory buds were recorded in 86{\%} of species. The species exhibited an extremely wide range of variation - from axillary buds that consisted of only an apical dome with no leaf primordia (Calytrix exstipulata) to axils with a complex array of accessory buds and meristems located beneath the axil surface (Corymbia and Eucalyptus). The axils of the Eucalyptus and Corymbia species had a greater number of and better protected axillary buds and meristems than the other species studied, including some of their closest relatives, Arillastrum, Allosyncarpia, and Stockwellia. All investigated species had an excellent meristem reserve for recovery of photosynthetic capacity after minor canopy damage and for developing epicormic structures for sprouting after more severe damage. The complex and well-protected axillary bud or meristem structures of Corymbia and Eucalyptus may be an important component of the success of these genera in Australia. � 2008 by The University of Chicago. All rights reserved.",
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    Burrows, G, Hornby, S, Waters, D, Bellairs, S, Prior, L & Bowman, D 2008, 'Leaf Axil Anatomy and Bud Reserves in 21 Myrtaceae Species from Northern Australia', International Journal of Plant Sciences, vol. 169, no. 9, pp. 1174-1186.

    Leaf Axil Anatomy and Bud Reserves in 21 Myrtaceae Species from Northern Australia. / Burrows, G; Hornby, San; Waters, D; Bellairs, Sean; Prior, Lynda; Bowman, David.

    In: International Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 169, No. 9, 2008, p. 1174-1186.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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    AU - Bowman, David

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    AB - Dormant axillary buds allow plants to repair minor damage to their canopies. In woody plants, these buds subsequently develop into epicormic structures that mayallow vegetative recovery after major disturbances. They are an essential but little-studied part of the persistence niche. We wondered what bud reserves were present in the leaf axils of northern Australian myrtaceous species, what levels of protection they have, and how this relates to the ecology of these species. Axillary buds of 21 species from 10 genera of northern Australian Myrtaceae were examined anatomically. All species possessed axillary buds in all axils examined, and accessory buds were recorded in 86% of species. The species exhibited an extremely wide range of variation - from axillary buds that consisted of only an apical dome with no leaf primordia (Calytrix exstipulata) to axils with a complex array of accessory buds and meristems located beneath the axil surface (Corymbia and Eucalyptus). The axils of the Eucalyptus and Corymbia species had a greater number of and better protected axillary buds and meristems than the other species studied, including some of their closest relatives, Arillastrum, Allosyncarpia, and Stockwellia. All investigated species had an excellent meristem reserve for recovery of photosynthetic capacity after minor canopy damage and for developing epicormic structures for sprouting after more severe damage. The complex and well-protected axillary bud or meristem structures of Corymbia and Eucalyptus may be an important component of the success of these genera in Australia. � 2008 by The University of Chicago. All rights reserved.

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