Local planning and global implementation

Foreign investment and urban development of Pudong, Shanghai

Jia Ping Wu, Tony Barnes

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Competitive planning programmes for global integration have been created in cities throughout developed and developing countries during the past 2 decades. In China, global aspiration planning has been characterised by the establishment of Pudong New Area of Shanghai in 1990, with a group of foreign direct investment (FDI)-oriented themed zones targeting different types of global flows. Pudong very rapidly became a focus of FDI in the city, which extended to China as a whole in the 1990s, and now is further extended to playing a global role. However, spatial planning for the themed zones in Pudong has been limited in its scope to the physical design, land use, and the pattern of transport routes. This limited role of land use planning has been inadequate to coordinate the mutual engagement between global and local factors; however, an improved mechanism for coordinating planning has not yet emerged to replace it. The competitive and entrepreneurial approach of land management in conjunction with the imperatives of global firms has effectively diminished the original plan's intention that each zone should focus on particular industries, with each of them complementing the others. � 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)364-374
    Number of pages11
    JournalHabitat International
    Volume32
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2008

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    local planning
    foreign investment
    urban development
    foreign direct investment
    direct investment
    planning
    land use
    local factors
    China
    program planning
    spatial planning
    land use planning
    land management
    targeting
    developing world
    developing country
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    Cite this

    @article{33521e345dec44518838e882e88e3a0c,
    title = "Local planning and global implementation: Foreign investment and urban development of Pudong, Shanghai",
    abstract = "Competitive planning programmes for global integration have been created in cities throughout developed and developing countries during the past 2 decades. In China, global aspiration planning has been characterised by the establishment of Pudong New Area of Shanghai in 1990, with a group of foreign direct investment (FDI)-oriented themed zones targeting different types of global flows. Pudong very rapidly became a focus of FDI in the city, which extended to China as a whole in the 1990s, and now is further extended to playing a global role. However, spatial planning for the themed zones in Pudong has been limited in its scope to the physical design, land use, and the pattern of transport routes. This limited role of land use planning has been inadequate to coordinate the mutual engagement between global and local factors; however, an improved mechanism for coordinating planning has not yet emerged to replace it. The competitive and entrepreneurial approach of land management in conjunction with the imperatives of global firms has effectively diminished the original plan's intention that each zone should focus on particular industries, with each of them complementing the others. � 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
    keywords = "competition (economics), competitiveness, developing world, economic integration, foreign direct investment, land use planning, local planning, spatial planning, urban development, urban planning, Asia, China, Eurasia, Far East, Pudong, Shanghai",
    author = "Wu, {Jia Ping} and Tony Barnes",
    year = "2008",
    language = "English",
    volume = "32",
    pages = "364--374",
    journal = "Habitat International",
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    }

    Local planning and global implementation : Foreign investment and urban development of Pudong, Shanghai. / Wu, Jia Ping; Barnes, Tony.

    In: Habitat International, Vol. 32, No. 3, 2008, p. 364-374.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Local planning and global implementation

    T2 - Foreign investment and urban development of Pudong, Shanghai

    AU - Wu, Jia Ping

    AU - Barnes, Tony

    PY - 2008

    Y1 - 2008

    N2 - Competitive planning programmes for global integration have been created in cities throughout developed and developing countries during the past 2 decades. In China, global aspiration planning has been characterised by the establishment of Pudong New Area of Shanghai in 1990, with a group of foreign direct investment (FDI)-oriented themed zones targeting different types of global flows. Pudong very rapidly became a focus of FDI in the city, which extended to China as a whole in the 1990s, and now is further extended to playing a global role. However, spatial planning for the themed zones in Pudong has been limited in its scope to the physical design, land use, and the pattern of transport routes. This limited role of land use planning has been inadequate to coordinate the mutual engagement between global and local factors; however, an improved mechanism for coordinating planning has not yet emerged to replace it. The competitive and entrepreneurial approach of land management in conjunction with the imperatives of global firms has effectively diminished the original plan's intention that each zone should focus on particular industries, with each of them complementing the others. � 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    AB - Competitive planning programmes for global integration have been created in cities throughout developed and developing countries during the past 2 decades. In China, global aspiration planning has been characterised by the establishment of Pudong New Area of Shanghai in 1990, with a group of foreign direct investment (FDI)-oriented themed zones targeting different types of global flows. Pudong very rapidly became a focus of FDI in the city, which extended to China as a whole in the 1990s, and now is further extended to playing a global role. However, spatial planning for the themed zones in Pudong has been limited in its scope to the physical design, land use, and the pattern of transport routes. This limited role of land use planning has been inadequate to coordinate the mutual engagement between global and local factors; however, an improved mechanism for coordinating planning has not yet emerged to replace it. The competitive and entrepreneurial approach of land management in conjunction with the imperatives of global firms has effectively diminished the original plan's intention that each zone should focus on particular industries, with each of them complementing the others. � 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    KW - competition (economics)

    KW - competitiveness

    KW - developing world

    KW - economic integration

    KW - foreign direct investment

    KW - land use planning

    KW - local planning

    KW - spatial planning

    KW - urban development

    KW - urban planning

    KW - Asia

    KW - China

    KW - Eurasia

    KW - Far East

    KW - Pudong

    KW - Shanghai

    M3 - Article

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    JF - Habitat International

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