Low-temperature hydrogen desorption from Mg(BH4)2 catalysed by ultrafine Ni nanoparticles in a mesoporous carbon matrix

Mohammad A. Wahab, David J. Young, Azharul Karim, Sabrina Fawzia, Jorge N. Beltramini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Homogenously dispersed, ultrafine Ni nanoparticles (Ni NPs) have been grown in a mesoporous carbon (MC) matrix (MC-Niinsitu) and efficiently catalyze low-temperature hydrogen desorption from Mg(BH4)2. The onset desorption temperature (Tonset) of this MC-Niinsitu-Mg(BH4)2 system is 44 °C compared to 275 °C (Tonset) for pure Mg(BH4)2. This is the lowest value reported for hydrogen desorption from this metal hydride. The activation energy (Ea) of MC-Niinsitu-Mg(BH4)2 was determined to be 21.3 kJ/mol which is less than half the value of 45.9 kJ/mol for pure Mg(BH4)2. We ascribe this reduction to the synergistic effects of nanoconfinement and the homogeneously dispersed, ultrafine Ni NPs active sites in the mesoporous carbon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20573-20582
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume41
Issue number45
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Dec 2016
Externally publishedYes

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