LungNet22: A Fine-Tuned Model for Multiclass Classification and Prediction of Lung Disease Using X-ray Images

F. M. Javed Mehedi Shamrat, Sami Azam, Asif Karim, Rakibul Islam, Zarrin Tasnim, Pronab Ghosh, Friso De Boer

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    In recent years, lung disease has increased manyfold, causing millions of casualties annually. To combat the crisis, an efficient, reliable, and affordable lung disease diagnosis technique has become indispensable. In this study, a multiclass classification of lung disease from frontal chest X-ray imaging using a fine-tuned CNN model is proposed. The classification is conducted on 10 disease classes of the lungs, namely COVID-19, Effusion, Tuberculosis, Pneumonia, Lung Opacity, Mass, Nodule, Pneumothorax, and Pulmonary Fibrosis, along with the Normal class. The dataset is a collective dataset gathered from multiple sources. After pre-processing and balancing the dataset with eight augmentation techniques, a total of 80,000 X-ray images were fed to the model for classification purposes. Initially, eight pre-trained CNN models, AlexNet, GoogLeNet, InceptionV3, MobileNetV2, VGG16, ResNet 50, DenseNet121, and EfficientNetB7, were employed on the dataset. Among these, the VGG16 achieved the highest accuracy at 92.95%. To further improve the classification accuracy, LungNet22 was constructed upon the primary structure of the VGG16 model. An ablation study was used in the work to determine the different hyper-parameters. Using the Adam Optimizer, the proposed model achieved a commendable accuracy of 98.89%. To verify the performance of the model, several performance matrices, including the ROC curve and the AUC values, were computed as well.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number680
    Pages (from-to)1-29
    Number of pages29
    JournalJournal of Personalized Medicine
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - May 2022


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