Machine Learning Based PV Power Generation Forecasting in Alice Springs

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The generation volatility of photovoltaics (PVs) has created several control and operation challenges for grid operators. For a secure and reliable day or hour-ahead electricity dispatch, the grid operators need the visibility of their synchronous and asynchronous generators' capacity. It helps them to manage the spinning reserve, inertia and frequency response during any contingency events. This study attempts to provide a machine learning-based PV power generation forecasting for both the short and long-term. The study has chosen Alice Springs, one of the geographically solar energy-rich areas in Australia, and considered various environmental parameters. Different machine learning algorithms, including Linear Regression, Polynomial Regression, Decision Tree Regression, Support Vector Regression, Random Forest Regression, Long Short-Term Memory, and Multilayer Perceptron Regression, are considered in the study. Various comparative performance analysis is conducted for both normal and uncertain cases and found that Random Forest Regression performed better for our dataset. The impact of data normalization on forecasting performance is also analyzed using multiple performance metrics. The study may help the grid operators to choose an appropriate PV power forecasting algorithm and plan the time-ahead generation volatility.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9380330
Pages (from-to)46117-46128
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 17 Mar 2021


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