Introduction: Barriers exist for both Indigenous and remote patients attending cancer care facilities. We sought to measure clinical attendance of all patients referred for consideration of radiation therapy (RT) at the single radiation therapy centre in the Northern Territory (NT), with particular attention to a comparison of Indigenous and non-Indigenous patients, and to analyse methods introduced to address the attendance of patients.
Methods: Patients referred for radiation therapy over a 5 year period from the commencement of the Alan Walker Cancer Care Centre (AWCCC), NT, were analysed for attendance, and for possible improvement over time.
Results: Multivariate analysis of non-attendance prior to RT (pre-RT) showed significance for Indigenous status (P < 0.001), and female gender (P < 0.001), and during RT showed significance for Indigenous status (P < 0.001) and curative intent RT (P = 0.012). Attendance during RT over the 5 years showed significant improvement over time for Indigenous patients from 70.6% to 81.6% (P = 0.038). There was no significant improvement with pre-RT attendance for either the Indigenous or non-Indigenous cohort.
Conclusion: Indigenous patients experienced a lower level of attendance during RT, but this has significantly improved over the first 5 years of operation at AWCCC, as recognition and management of contributing factors has improved.