Melioidosis in New Caledonia

a dominant strain in a transmission hotspot

B Melot, J Colot, F Lacassin, S Tardieu, E Lapisardi, Mark Mayo, Erin Price, Derek Sarovich, Bart Currie, C Goarant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Melioidosis is an infectious disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, a bacterium endemic in Southeast Asia and northern Australia. In New Caledonia, sporadic cases were first described in 2005; since then, more cases have been identified. To improve our understanding of melioidosis epidemiology in New Caledonia, we compared the local cases and B. pseudomallei isolates with those from endemic areas. Nineteen melioidosis cases have been diagnosed in New Caledonia since 1999, mostly severe and with frequent bacteraemia, leading to three (16%) fatalities. All but one occurred in the North Province. Besides sporadic cases caused by non-clonal strains, we also identified a hotspot of transmission related to a clonal group of B. pseudomallei that is phylogenetically related to Australian strains.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1330-1337
Number of pages8
JournalEpidemiology and Infection
Volume144
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016

Fingerprint

New Caledonia
Melioidosis
Burkholderia pseudomallei
Southeastern Asia
Bacteremia
Communicable Diseases
Epidemiology
Bacteria

Cite this

Melot, B., Colot, J., Lacassin, F., Tardieu, S., Lapisardi, E., Mayo, M., ... Goarant, C. (2016). Melioidosis in New Caledonia: a dominant strain in a transmission hotspot. Epidemiology and Infection, 144(6), 1330-1337. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0950268815002770
Melot, B ; Colot, J ; Lacassin, F ; Tardieu, S ; Lapisardi, E ; Mayo, Mark ; Price, Erin ; Sarovich, Derek ; Currie, Bart ; Goarant, C. / Melioidosis in New Caledonia : a dominant strain in a transmission hotspot. In: Epidemiology and Infection. 2016 ; Vol. 144, No. 6. pp. 1330-1337.
@article{162a1b6f24fa4a9483b22d663813d22f,
title = "Melioidosis in New Caledonia: a dominant strain in a transmission hotspot",
abstract = "Melioidosis is an infectious disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, a bacterium endemic in Southeast Asia and northern Australia. In New Caledonia, sporadic cases were first described in 2005; since then, more cases have been identified. To improve our understanding of melioidosis epidemiology in New Caledonia, we compared the local cases and B. pseudomallei isolates with those from endemic areas. Nineteen melioidosis cases have been diagnosed in New Caledonia since 1999, mostly severe and with frequent bacteraemia, leading to three (16{\%}) fatalities. All but one occurred in the North Province. Besides sporadic cases caused by non-clonal strains, we also identified a hotspot of transmission related to a clonal group of B. pseudomallei that is phylogenetically related to Australian strains.",
author = "B Melot and J Colot and F Lacassin and S Tardieu and E Lapisardi and Mark Mayo and Erin Price and Derek Sarovich and Bart Currie and C Goarant",
year = "2016",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1017/S0950268815002770",
language = "English",
volume = "144",
pages = "1330--1337",
journal = "Epidemiology and Infection",
issn = "0950-2688",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "6",

}

Melot, B, Colot, J, Lacassin, F, Tardieu, S, Lapisardi, E, Mayo, M, Price, E, Sarovich, D, Currie, B & Goarant, C 2016, 'Melioidosis in New Caledonia: a dominant strain in a transmission hotspot', Epidemiology and Infection, vol. 144, no. 6, pp. 1330-1337. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0950268815002770

Melioidosis in New Caledonia : a dominant strain in a transmission hotspot. / Melot, B; Colot, J; Lacassin, F; Tardieu, S; Lapisardi, E; Mayo, Mark; Price, Erin; Sarovich, Derek; Currie, Bart; Goarant, C.

In: Epidemiology and Infection, Vol. 144, No. 6, 04.2016, p. 1330-1337.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Melioidosis in New Caledonia

T2 - a dominant strain in a transmission hotspot

AU - Melot, B

AU - Colot, J

AU - Lacassin, F

AU - Tardieu, S

AU - Lapisardi, E

AU - Mayo, Mark

AU - Price, Erin

AU - Sarovich, Derek

AU - Currie, Bart

AU - Goarant, C

PY - 2016/4

Y1 - 2016/4

N2 - Melioidosis is an infectious disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, a bacterium endemic in Southeast Asia and northern Australia. In New Caledonia, sporadic cases were first described in 2005; since then, more cases have been identified. To improve our understanding of melioidosis epidemiology in New Caledonia, we compared the local cases and B. pseudomallei isolates with those from endemic areas. Nineteen melioidosis cases have been diagnosed in New Caledonia since 1999, mostly severe and with frequent bacteraemia, leading to three (16%) fatalities. All but one occurred in the North Province. Besides sporadic cases caused by non-clonal strains, we also identified a hotspot of transmission related to a clonal group of B. pseudomallei that is phylogenetically related to Australian strains.

AB - Melioidosis is an infectious disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, a bacterium endemic in Southeast Asia and northern Australia. In New Caledonia, sporadic cases were first described in 2005; since then, more cases have been identified. To improve our understanding of melioidosis epidemiology in New Caledonia, we compared the local cases and B. pseudomallei isolates with those from endemic areas. Nineteen melioidosis cases have been diagnosed in New Caledonia since 1999, mostly severe and with frequent bacteraemia, leading to three (16%) fatalities. All but one occurred in the North Province. Besides sporadic cases caused by non-clonal strains, we also identified a hotspot of transmission related to a clonal group of B. pseudomallei that is phylogenetically related to Australian strains.

U2 - 10.1017/S0950268815002770

DO - 10.1017/S0950268815002770

M3 - Article

VL - 144

SP - 1330

EP - 1337

JO - Epidemiology and Infection

JF - Epidemiology and Infection

SN - 0950-2688

IS - 6

ER -