Metabolic Syndrome and Prediabetes in Ndokwa Community of Nigeria: Preliminary Study

E Nwose, Victor Oguoma, P Bwititi, Ross Richards

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    Abstract

    Background: Global prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and diabetes is increasing, but the reference ranges for MS indices have yet to be established for sub-Saharan African countries. As part of the international research collaboration agenda for Prediabetes and Cardiovascular Complications Study (PACCS), a pilot study was conducted in one of the Ndokwa communities of Nigeria in 2013. 

    Aim: The study was to obtain preliminary indication of prevalence and reference values of MS in the rural communities of a low-mid income country. 

    Materials and Methods: Seventy-four volunteer participants were recruited, after public lectures in high schools and churches in the community. Body mass index (BMI), blood pressure and waist circumference (WC), blood glucoselevel, and lipid profi le were measured. Percentage prevalence MS was determined using commonest three criteria (Third Adult Treatment Panel (ATP III) 2001, International Diabetes Federation (IDF) 2005, and World Health Organization (WHO) 1999). 

    Results: When individual indices of MS are considered separately; the males seem healthier than females. However, the prevalence of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol was higher in males than in females. Equal 3% prevalence of MS was seen in both genders using the WHO standard. Other criteria show prevalence of 8% females and 11% males (ATP III), 5% females and 8% males (IDF 2005 European), and 14% females and 17% males (IDF 2005 Ethnic). Conclusion: The prevalence of MS is higher in males than females; and relative to ATP III 2001 criteria, either the IDF 2005 European may underestimate MS, or the ethnic specifi c could overestimate the prevalence. Hence, it is important to defi ne the criteria to be used. 
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)53-58
    Number of pages6
    JournalNorth American Journal of Medical Sciences
    Volume7
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2015

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