minSNPs: An R package for the derivation of resolution-optimised SNP sets from microbial genomic data

Kian Soon Hoon, Deborah C. Holt, Sarah Auburn, Peter Shaw, Philip M. Giffard

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Abstract

Here, we present the R package, minSNPs. This is a re-development of a previously described Java application named Minimum SNPs. MinSNPs assembles resolution-optimised sets of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from sequence alignments such as genome-wide orthologous SNP matrices. MinSNPs can derive sets of SNPs optimised for discriminating any user-defined combination of sequences from all others. Alternatively, SNP sets may be optimised to determine all sequences from all other sequences, i.e., to maximise diversity. MinSNPs encompasses functions that facilitate rapid and flexible SNP mining, and clear and comprehensive presentation of the results. The minSNPs' running time scales in a linear fashion with input data volume and the numbers of SNPs and SNPs sets specified in the output. MinSNPs was tested using a previously reported orthologous SNP matrix of Staphylococcus aureus and an orthologous SNP matrix of 3,279 genomes with 164,335 SNPs assembled from four S. aureus short read genomic data sets. MinSNPs was shown to be effective for deriving discriminatory SNP sets for potential surveillance targets and in identifying SNP sets optimised to discriminate isolates from different clonal complexes. MinSNPs was also tested with a large Plasmodium vivax orthologous SNP matrix. A set of five SNPs was derived that reliably indicated the country of origin within three south-east Asian countries. In summary, we report the capacity to assemble comprehensive SNP matrices that effectively capture microbial genomic diversity, and to rapidly and flexibly mine these entities for optimised marker sets.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere15339
Pages (from-to)1-19
JournalPEERJ
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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