Moxibustion: An alternative option for breech presentation

Sara Morris, Sadie Geraghty, Deborah Sundin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


In many countries including the United Kingdom, Australia, China, and the United States of America, over 80% of breech presenting fetuses are born by Caesarean Section. When a surgical approach to breech birth is clearly favoured, what options are available to women desiring a vaginal birth? Women may try to turn their breech baby into a cephalic position. This paper will investigate cephalic version methods available to women with a breech presenting baby which included external cephalic version (ECV), moxibustion, acupuncture and chiropractic care. The literature emphasises the need for further research into alternative methods of cephalic version, for clinicians to up-skill on vaginal breech birth techniques and if not recommend, then advise women of alternative methods available if mainstream interventions are unacceptable.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)440-445
Number of pages5
JournalBritish Journal of Midwifery
Issue number7
Early online date4 Jul 2018
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes


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