Natural Hazard Resilient Communities and Land Use Planning

The Limitations of Planning Governance in Tropical Australia

Sharon Harwood, Dean Carson, Ed Wensing, Luke Jackson

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    Abstract

    This paper examines how two Australian land use planning systems address the creation of hazard resilient communities in tropical areas. The application of substantive hazard knowledge and how this influences the associated procedures within the planning system is examined. The case studies of Darwin the capital of the Northern Territory, and the beachside suburb of Machans Beach within the Cairns Regional Council in far north Queensland are investigated. Both case study locations have experienced tropical cyclones since settlement and despite their hazard prone locations, both have intensified over their 120 year existence. Moreover, it is predicted that cyclones in tropical Australia will decrease in number, but increase in intensity. It would be rational to assume that industry, community and government would actively pursue planning strategies to negate the risks of natural hazards and the corresponding level of vulnerability to a hazard event. However, neither communities nor planning are driven by rational technical decision making processes. The paper concludes that the rhetoric for creating hazard resilient communities dominates national and state government policy, however this has minimal influence upon the legal framework that protects development rights. It would appear that the safe development paradox is present in the Australian land use planning system, and that the focus of planning is on creating certainty of development rights and achieving efficiencies through urban settlement patterns, as opposed to creating hazard resilient communities.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-15
    Number of pages15
    Journaljournal of geography & natural disasters
    Volume4
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 14 Sep 2014

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    natural hazard
    land use planning
    hazard
    planning system
    settlement pattern
    tropical cyclone
    cyclone
    planning
    legislation
    vulnerability
    beach
    decision making
    industry

    Cite this

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    title = "Natural Hazard Resilient Communities and Land Use Planning: The Limitations of Planning Governance in Tropical Australia",
    abstract = "This paper examines how two Australian land use planning systems address the creation of hazard resilient communities in tropical areas. The application of substantive hazard knowledge and how this influences the associated procedures within the planning system is examined. The case studies of Darwin the capital of the Northern Territory, and the beachside suburb of Machans Beach within the Cairns Regional Council in far north Queensland are investigated. Both case study locations have experienced tropical cyclones since settlement and despite their hazard prone locations, both have intensified over their 120 year existence. Moreover, it is predicted that cyclones in tropical Australia will decrease in number, but increase in intensity. It would be rational to assume that industry, community and government would actively pursue planning strategies to negate the risks of natural hazards and the corresponding level of vulnerability to a hazard event. However, neither communities nor planning are driven by rational technical decision making processes. The paper concludes that the rhetoric for creating hazard resilient communities dominates national and state government policy, however this has minimal influence upon the legal framework that protects development rights. It would appear that the safe development paradox is present in the Australian land use planning system, and that the focus of planning is on creating certainty of development rights and achieving efficiencies through urban settlement patterns, as opposed to creating hazard resilient communities.",
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    Natural Hazard Resilient Communities and Land Use Planning : The Limitations of Planning Governance in Tropical Australia. / Harwood, Sharon; Carson, Dean; Wensing, Ed; Jackson, Luke.

    In: journal of geography & natural disasters, Vol. 4, No. 2, 14.09.2014, p. 1-15.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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