Novel trophic cascades: apex predators enable coexistence

Arian Wallach, William Ripple, Scott Carroll

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Novel assemblages of native and introduced species characterize a growing proportion of ecosystems worldwide. Some introduced species have contributed to extinctions, even extinction waves, spurring widespread efforts to eradicate or control them. We propose that trophic cascade theory offers insights into why introduced species sometimes become harmful, but in other cases stably coexist with natives and offer net benefits. Large predators commonly limit populations of potentially irruptive prey and mesopredators, both native and introduced. This top-down force influences a wide range of ecosystem processes that often enhance biodiversity. We argue that many species, regardless of their origin or priors, are allies for the retention and restoration of biodiversity in top-down regulated ecosystems.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)146-153
    Number of pages8
    JournalTrends in Ecology and Ecolution
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2015


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