Ontogenetic shifts in habitat use during the dry season by an amphidromous shrimp in a tropical lowland river

Peter A. Novak, Peter Bayliss, Erica A. Garcia, Brad J. Pusey, Michael M. Douglas

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Caridean shrimp have considerable effects on ecosystem processes and, thus, understanding their use of key habitats is important for determining their potential ecological effect. The present study examined the meso-habitat use of Macrobrachium spinipes, a large-bodied and important amphidromous species, in the Daly River, northern Australia. We examined shrimp abundance at four common meso-habitat types; sand bank, rock bars, undercut and structurally complex banks and mid-channel areas at five sites on three occasions during the dry season (May to October). We found that habitat use changed considerably first, with ontogeny, and, second, with the colonisation of habitats with algae and macrophytes as the dry season progressed. As juveniles, their habitat use was strongly associated with well structured bank environments early in the dry season. By the mid-dry season, juveniles were more abundant within sand habitats recently colonised with macrophytes and filamentous algae. Females showed little change in habitat use, whereas large-bodied dominant males generally favoured rock bars and heavily structured bank environments. The present study has provided significant insights into the changes in use of key riverine habitats throughout the dry season by an ecologically important species. This information will be of considerable value to the determination of environmental flow requirements and food-web investigations.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2275-2288
    Number of pages14
    JournalMarine and Freshwater Research
    Volume68
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

    Fingerprint

    Rivers
    habitat use
    Ecosystem
    dry season
    lowlands
    shrimp
    rivers
    habitats
    algae
    river
    habitat
    macrophytes
    filamentous alga
    sand
    ontogeny
    habitat type
    rocks
    rock
    food web
    riverine habitat

    Cite this

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    abstract = "Caridean shrimp have considerable effects on ecosystem processes and, thus, understanding their use of key habitats is important for determining their potential ecological effect. The present study examined the meso-habitat use of Macrobrachium spinipes, a large-bodied and important amphidromous species, in the Daly River, northern Australia. We examined shrimp abundance at four common meso-habitat types; sand bank, rock bars, undercut and structurally complex banks and mid-channel areas at five sites on three occasions during the dry season (May to October). We found that habitat use changed considerably first, with ontogeny, and, second, with the colonisation of habitats with algae and macrophytes as the dry season progressed. As juveniles, their habitat use was strongly associated with well structured bank environments early in the dry season. By the mid-dry season, juveniles were more abundant within sand habitats recently colonised with macrophytes and filamentous algae. Females showed little change in habitat use, whereas large-bodied dominant males generally favoured rock bars and heavily structured bank environments. The present study has provided significant insights into the changes in use of key riverine habitats throughout the dry season by an ecologically important species. This information will be of considerable value to the determination of environmental flow requirements and food-web investigations.",
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    Ontogenetic shifts in habitat use during the dry season by an amphidromous shrimp in a tropical lowland river. / Novak, Peter A.; Bayliss, Peter; Garcia, Erica A.; Pusey, Brad J.; Douglas, Michael M.

    In: Marine and Freshwater Research, Vol. 68, No. 12, 01.01.2017, p. 2275-2288.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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