Optimal octagonal hooked collar countermeasure to reduce scour around a single bridge pier

Rashid Farooq, Abdul Razzaq Ghumman, Muhammad Atiq Ur Rehman Tariq, Afzal Ahmed, Khan Zaib Jadoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Pier modification countermeasures are essential as they play a vital role in protecting pier against local scour action. Current study investigates experimentally the scour around vertical pier of octagonal cross section with pier modification such as newly proposed octagonal hooked collar is explored, in steady uniform state, under clear water condition. The results of pier scour without any modification were used as a reference to compute the efficiency of hooked collar provision around octagonal pier. The results show that by increasing the hooked collar width up to 2.5 Wp reduced maximum scour depth significantly. However, the experimental investigation revealed that the best combination to be with a hooked collar width of 2.5 Wp, having sidewall height 0.45 Wp. The best combination minimized around 73.3% of scour hole depth, compared to octagonal pier without any modification. Using experimental results, a new equation is proposed to predict the scour depth around a bridge pier fitted with hooked collar. Moreover, a relation was developed for maximum scour depth and scour hole volume. Results indicate that the scour hole volume around a bridge pier increases quadratically with maximum scour depth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1026-1037
Number of pages12
JournalPeriodica Polytechnica Civil Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes


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