Out of hospital treatment of patients with melioidosis using ceftazidime in 24 h elastomeric infusors, via peripherally inserted central catheters

S Huffam, Susan Jacups, P Kittler, Bart Currie

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    BACKGROUND: In the tropical north of the Northern Territory, Australia, 25-50 patients are admitted to Royal Darwin Hospital (RDH) each year with Burkholderia pseudomallei infection, or melioidosis. Treatment consists of initial intensive therapy with 2-4 weeks of intravenous antibiotics. Clinical improvement may occur early and patients often prefer to be managed out of hospital in the Hospital in the Home (HITH). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate safety and efficacy of HITH management of patients with melioidosis. METHODS: A prospective observational study of our standard management which consists of 24 h infusions of ceftazidime infused through a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) line, plus oral sulphamethoxazole trimethoprim. Treatment is administered in the home, which may be in Darwin, regional areas or remote communities, or in a self-care unit located in the hospital grounds. RESULTS: From February 1998 to December 2001 150 patients were admitted to RDH with culture confirmed B. pseudomallei infection. Of these, 73 patients were treated with 24 h infusions of ceftazidime, of which 70 patients were managed by HITH. Complications of treatment include a PICC line complication rate of 10.6/1000 days in situ. Nine patients had relapse or recrudescence of disease, nearly all as a result of poor adherence to subsequent oral eradication therapy, these patients were all re-treated successfully. One patient remains infected with B. pseudomallei. CONCLUSION: This clinical outcome study suggests that out of hospital management of melioidosis with 24 h infusions of ceftazidime via a PICC line is safe and effective.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)715-717
    Number of pages3
    JournalTropical Medicine and International Health
    Volume9
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 2004

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