Pattern of behavioural components of metabolic syndrome in a Nigerian sub-population

V Oguoma, E Nwose, T Skinner, R Richards, K Digban, I Onyia

    Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting Abstractpeer-review


    Introduction: Unhealthy lifestyles have been implicated as one of major factors driving the increasing prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in low-middle-income countries. However, there exists inadequate evidence regarding the pattern of unhealthy lifestyle behaviors in Nigeria. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of lifestyle patterns that predisposes to risk of metabolic syndrome in a Nigerian population.

    Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out on 422 apparently healthy individuals ≥18 years old. The World Health Organization (WHO) STEP wise questionnaire was used to collect information on behavioral components, such as tobacco use, smoking habits, alcohol consumption and dietary habits.

    Results: There were more ex-smokers (7.8%) than current smokers (3.4%). Among current smokers, only 8 had attempted to quit smoking during past 12 months. 22.8% and 30.2% indicated that someone smoked in their home and in closed areas at workplace, respectively, in the past 30 days. On alcoholism, 225 admitted to taking alcohol, of which 72% consumed in past 12 months. Those who reported quitting alcohol 19 (4.5%), did so due to health reasons, while 30 (7.4%) individuals have had family problems due to someone else’s drinking. 223 (56.3%) of the population engage in <5 servings of fruits and or vegetables on each day. Median day was 3/week.

    Conclusions: Although smoking habit is low, the high prevalence of alcohol consumption and unhealthy diet may be contributory to increasing prevalence of metabolic syndrome indices in the population.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberP058
    Pages (from-to)S20-S20
    Number of pages1
    JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Medicine
    Issue numberSupplement 1
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016


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