Permethrin, in the form of a topical cream, is being increasingly used for community-based programs to control endemic scabies. The development of resistance has reduced the use of pyrethroids for the control of many arthropods of economic and health importance. The best recognized form of pyrethroid resistance, known as knockdown resistance or kdr, has been linked to specific mutations in the target of these agents, the para-homologous voltage-sensitive sodium channel gene (Vssc). To develop tools to study resistance to pyrethroid acaricides, we cloned 3711 and 6151 bp, respectively, of cDNA and genomic fragments of the Vssc gene from scabies mite, Sarcoptes scabiei. The sequence encompasses the major polymorphic amino acid residues associated with pyrethroid resistance. A polymerase chain reaction-based strategy has been developed that enables genotyping individual scabies mites. This will facilitate early detection and monitoring of pyrethroid resistance in scabies mite populations under drug selection pressure. Copyright � 2006 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|