Background: Food allergy has been associated with lower weight and height in cross-sectional studies in children; however, this has not been investigated in longitudinal studies to explore growth over time, and previous studies have not accounted for coexisting eczema.
Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the association of IgE-mediated food allergy and eczema with anthropometric measures at 1 and 4 years of age.
Methods: In the HealthNuts population-based cohort, infants recruited at age 1 year underwent a skin prick test to egg, peanut, and sesame; those sensitized had oral food challenges. Food challenges repeated at 4 years determined food allergy persistence or resolution. Eczema was defined as parent report of eczema diagnosis. Parent-reported weight and height and child health record data were used to calculate age- and sex-adjusted percentiles from World Health Organization charts. Multivariable linear regression models were fitted to examine the effect of food allergy and eczema on weight and height controlling for potential confounders.
Results: Children with both food allergy and eczema at age 1 had lower percentiles for mean weight (51.3 vs 58.3 percentile, P = .001) and height (48.4 vs 53.4, P = .028) at age 1 compared with those with neither condition. There was no difference for children with only food allergy or eczema at age 1. By age 4, children with persistent food allergy and persistent eczema, but not those with resolved food allergy, were still shorter and lighter.
Conclusions: Children with both food allergy and eczema were shorter and lighter throughout early childhood, with more pronounced differences in those with persistent food allergy.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 2016|