Plasma Interleukin-12 in Malaria-Tolerant Papua New Guineans: Inverse Correlation with Plasmodium falciparum Parasitemia and Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cell Nitric Oxide Synthase Activity

C BOUTLIS, M Lagog, S CHAISAVANEEYAKORN, M Misukonis, M Bockaire, C Mgone, Z Wang, G Morahan, J WEINBERG, V UDHAYAKUMAR, Nicholas Anstey

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Interleukin-12 (IL-12) has been inversely associated with disease severity in human and murine malaria, and a polymorphism in the IL-12 p40 subunit gene (IL12B) has been associated with susceptibility to human cerebral malaria and reduced nitric oxide (NO) production. To better define the relationships between IL-12, NO, malaria parasitemia, and IL12B polymorphisms during malarial tolerance, plasma IL-12 levels and peripheral blood mononuclear cell NO synthase (NOS) activity were measured in asymptomatic Papua New Guineans exposed to intense malaria transmission. The IL-12 level was strongly inversely correlated with the density of Plasmodium falciparum parasitemia (p = -0.45; P < 0.001) and was predicted to decrease by 19% (95% confidence interval [CI], 10 to 27%) for each twofold increase in P. falciparum parasitemia. This is consistent with a suppressive effect of parasitemia on IL-12 production, an effect previously shown in vitro and in rodent models of disease. The IL-12 level was inversely correlated with NOS activity (r = -0.22; P = 0.007), with each twofold increase in NOS activity being predictive of a 25% (95% CI, 7 to 38%) decrease in plasma IL-12 levels. This probably reflects additional down-regulation of IL-12 by the high basal NO production and monocyte NOS expression found in the malaria-tolerant state. Neither the IL-12 level nor NOS activity was associated with either of two IL12B polymorphisms, reflecting the diversity of genetic control over immune responses in different populations.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)6354-6357
    Number of pages4
    JournalInfection and Immunity
    Volume71
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2003

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