Population-based interventions for the prevention of fall-related injuries in older people.

R. McClure, C. Turner, N. Peel, A. Spinks, E. Eakin, K. Hughes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Fall-related injuries are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the older population. Summary information about counter-measures that successfully address the risk factors for fall-related injuries in research settings has been widely disseminated. However, less available is evidence-based information about successful roll-out of these counter-measures in public health programmes in the wider community. Population-based interventions in the form of multi-strategy, multi-focused programmes are hypothesised to result in a reduction in population-wide injury rates. This review tests this hypothesis with regards to fall-related injuries among older people. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of population-based interventions, defined as coordinated, community-wide, multi-strategy initiatives, for reducing fall-related injuries among older people. SEARCH STRATEGY: The search strategy was based on electronic searches, handsearches of selected journals and snowballing from reference lists of selected publications. SELECTION CRITERIA: Studies were independently screened for inclusion by two reviewers. Included studies were those that reported changes in medically treated fall-related injuries among older people following the implementation of a controlled population-based intervention. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Data were independently extracted by two reviewers. Meta-analysis was not appropriate, due to the heterogeneity of the included studies. MAIN RESULTS: Out of 23 identified studies, five met the criteria for inclusion. There were no randomised controlled trials. Significant decreases or downward trends in fall-related injuries were reported in all five of the included studies with the relative reduction in fall-related injuries ranging from 6 to 33%. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Despite methodological limitations of the evaluation studies reviewed, the consistency of reported reductions in fall-related injuries across all programmes support the preliminary claim that the population-based approach to the prevention of fall-related injury is effective and can form the basis of public health practice. Randomised, multiple community trials of population-based interventions are indicated to increase the level of evidence in support of the population-based approach. Research is also required to elucidate the barriers and facilitators in population-based interventions that influence the extent to which population programmes are effective.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCochrane database of systematic reviews (Online)
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2005
Externally publishedYes

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Wounds and Injuries
Population
Public Health Practice
Population Control
Publications
Meta-Analysis
Randomized Controlled Trials
Public Health
Morbidity
Mortality
Research

Cite this

@article{0889586cc7a74121b4ef1247adee8821,
title = "Population-based interventions for the prevention of fall-related injuries in older people.",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Fall-related injuries are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the older population. Summary information about counter-measures that successfully address the risk factors for fall-related injuries in research settings has been widely disseminated. However, less available is evidence-based information about successful roll-out of these counter-measures in public health programmes in the wider community. Population-based interventions in the form of multi-strategy, multi-focused programmes are hypothesised to result in a reduction in population-wide injury rates. This review tests this hypothesis with regards to fall-related injuries among older people. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of population-based interventions, defined as coordinated, community-wide, multi-strategy initiatives, for reducing fall-related injuries among older people. SEARCH STRATEGY: The search strategy was based on electronic searches, handsearches of selected journals and snowballing from reference lists of selected publications. SELECTION CRITERIA: Studies were independently screened for inclusion by two reviewers. Included studies were those that reported changes in medically treated fall-related injuries among older people following the implementation of a controlled population-based intervention. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Data were independently extracted by two reviewers. Meta-analysis was not appropriate, due to the heterogeneity of the included studies. MAIN RESULTS: Out of 23 identified studies, five met the criteria for inclusion. There were no randomised controlled trials. Significant decreases or downward trends in fall-related injuries were reported in all five of the included studies with the relative reduction in fall-related injuries ranging from 6 to 33{\%}. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Despite methodological limitations of the evaluation studies reviewed, the consistency of reported reductions in fall-related injuries across all programmes support the preliminary claim that the population-based approach to the prevention of fall-related injury is effective and can form the basis of public health practice. Randomised, multiple community trials of population-based interventions are indicated to increase the level of evidence in support of the population-based approach. Research is also required to elucidate the barriers and facilitators in population-based interventions that influence the extent to which population programmes are effective.",
author = "R. McClure and C. Turner and N. Peel and A. Spinks and E. Eakin and K. Hughes",
year = "2005",
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journal = "Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online)",
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Population-based interventions for the prevention of fall-related injuries in older people. / McClure, R.; Turner, C.; Peel, N.; Spinks, A.; Eakin, E.; Hughes, K.

In: Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online), No. 1, 01.01.2005.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Population-based interventions for the prevention of fall-related injuries in older people.

AU - McClure, R.

AU - Turner, C.

AU - Peel, N.

AU - Spinks, A.

AU - Eakin, E.

AU - Hughes, K.

PY - 2005/1/1

Y1 - 2005/1/1

N2 - BACKGROUND: Fall-related injuries are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the older population. Summary information about counter-measures that successfully address the risk factors for fall-related injuries in research settings has been widely disseminated. However, less available is evidence-based information about successful roll-out of these counter-measures in public health programmes in the wider community. Population-based interventions in the form of multi-strategy, multi-focused programmes are hypothesised to result in a reduction in population-wide injury rates. This review tests this hypothesis with regards to fall-related injuries among older people. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of population-based interventions, defined as coordinated, community-wide, multi-strategy initiatives, for reducing fall-related injuries among older people. SEARCH STRATEGY: The search strategy was based on electronic searches, handsearches of selected journals and snowballing from reference lists of selected publications. SELECTION CRITERIA: Studies were independently screened for inclusion by two reviewers. Included studies were those that reported changes in medically treated fall-related injuries among older people following the implementation of a controlled population-based intervention. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Data were independently extracted by two reviewers. Meta-analysis was not appropriate, due to the heterogeneity of the included studies. MAIN RESULTS: Out of 23 identified studies, five met the criteria for inclusion. There were no randomised controlled trials. Significant decreases or downward trends in fall-related injuries were reported in all five of the included studies with the relative reduction in fall-related injuries ranging from 6 to 33%. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Despite methodological limitations of the evaluation studies reviewed, the consistency of reported reductions in fall-related injuries across all programmes support the preliminary claim that the population-based approach to the prevention of fall-related injury is effective and can form the basis of public health practice. Randomised, multiple community trials of population-based interventions are indicated to increase the level of evidence in support of the population-based approach. Research is also required to elucidate the barriers and facilitators in population-based interventions that influence the extent to which population programmes are effective.

AB - BACKGROUND: Fall-related injuries are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the older population. Summary information about counter-measures that successfully address the risk factors for fall-related injuries in research settings has been widely disseminated. However, less available is evidence-based information about successful roll-out of these counter-measures in public health programmes in the wider community. Population-based interventions in the form of multi-strategy, multi-focused programmes are hypothesised to result in a reduction in population-wide injury rates. This review tests this hypothesis with regards to fall-related injuries among older people. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of population-based interventions, defined as coordinated, community-wide, multi-strategy initiatives, for reducing fall-related injuries among older people. SEARCH STRATEGY: The search strategy was based on electronic searches, handsearches of selected journals and snowballing from reference lists of selected publications. SELECTION CRITERIA: Studies were independently screened for inclusion by two reviewers. Included studies were those that reported changes in medically treated fall-related injuries among older people following the implementation of a controlled population-based intervention. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Data were independently extracted by two reviewers. Meta-analysis was not appropriate, due to the heterogeneity of the included studies. MAIN RESULTS: Out of 23 identified studies, five met the criteria for inclusion. There were no randomised controlled trials. Significant decreases or downward trends in fall-related injuries were reported in all five of the included studies with the relative reduction in fall-related injuries ranging from 6 to 33%. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Despite methodological limitations of the evaluation studies reviewed, the consistency of reported reductions in fall-related injuries across all programmes support the preliminary claim that the population-based approach to the prevention of fall-related injury is effective and can form the basis of public health practice. Randomised, multiple community trials of population-based interventions are indicated to increase the level of evidence in support of the population-based approach. Research is also required to elucidate the barriers and facilitators in population-based interventions that influence the extent to which population programmes are effective.

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M3 - Review article

JO - Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online)

JF - Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online)

SN - 1469-493X

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