Predicting delay in residents' decisions on defending v. evacuating through antecedents of decision avoidance

Ilona McNeill, Patrick Dunlop, Timothy Skinner, D Morrison

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    In the event of a wildfire, Australian residents of wildfire-prone areas have a choice to defend their home or evacuate early. However, rather than deciding on and preparing for one of these fire-responses ahead of time, most residents delay deciding on defending v. evacuating (e.g. they wait and see instead). Recent research has shown that delaying this decision is associated with reduced levels of preparedness for both responses and on the day of a fire, an increased risk to life and property. The current study empirically examined what predicts this decision delay regarding one's fire-response by measuring two personality traits and several decision-related factors. A longitudinal survey study of residents of multiple wildfire-prone areas in Western Australia showed that the strongest predictor of delaying their decision to defend v. evacuate was a lack of difference in perceived values of defending v. evacuating. These findings have important implications for the design of interventions to reduce the risks associated with such delay. For one, agencies could utilise residents' value base to reduce decision delay. Alternatively, they could focus on the formation of proper contingency plans and stress the necessity to prepare well for both defending and evacuating.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)153-161
    Number of pages9
    JournalInternational Journal of Wildland Fire
    Volume24
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Fingerprint

    wildfires
    wildfire
    longitudinal studies
    Western Australia
    decision

    Cite this

    McNeill, Ilona ; Dunlop, Patrick ; Skinner, Timothy ; Morrison, D. / Predicting delay in residents' decisions on defending v. evacuating through antecedents of decision avoidance. In: International Journal of Wildland Fire. 2015 ; Vol. 24, No. 2. pp. 153-161.
    @article{94b31f1346fc4361ad796b155722df25,
    title = "Predicting delay in residents' decisions on defending v. evacuating through antecedents of decision avoidance",
    abstract = "In the event of a wildfire, Australian residents of wildfire-prone areas have a choice to defend their home or evacuate early. However, rather than deciding on and preparing for one of these fire-responses ahead of time, most residents delay deciding on defending v. evacuating (e.g. they wait and see instead). Recent research has shown that delaying this decision is associated with reduced levels of preparedness for both responses and on the day of a fire, an increased risk to life and property. The current study empirically examined what predicts this decision delay regarding one's fire-response by measuring two personality traits and several decision-related factors. A longitudinal survey study of residents of multiple wildfire-prone areas in Western Australia showed that the strongest predictor of delaying their decision to defend v. evacuate was a lack of difference in perceived values of defending v. evacuating. These findings have important implications for the design of interventions to reduce the risks associated with such delay. For one, agencies could utilise residents' value base to reduce decision delay. Alternatively, they could focus on the formation of proper contingency plans and stress the necessity to prepare well for both defending and evacuating.",
    author = "Ilona McNeill and Patrick Dunlop and Timothy Skinner and D Morrison",
    year = "2015",
    doi = "10.1071/WF12213",
    language = "English",
    volume = "24",
    pages = "153--161",
    journal = "International Journal of Wildland Fire",
    issn = "1049-8001",
    publisher = "CSIRO Publishing",
    number = "2",

    }

    Predicting delay in residents' decisions on defending v. evacuating through antecedents of decision avoidance. / McNeill, Ilona; Dunlop, Patrick; Skinner, Timothy; Morrison, D.

    In: International Journal of Wildland Fire, Vol. 24, No. 2, 2015, p. 153-161.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Predicting delay in residents' decisions on defending v. evacuating through antecedents of decision avoidance

    AU - McNeill, Ilona

    AU - Dunlop, Patrick

    AU - Skinner, Timothy

    AU - Morrison, D

    PY - 2015

    Y1 - 2015

    N2 - In the event of a wildfire, Australian residents of wildfire-prone areas have a choice to defend their home or evacuate early. However, rather than deciding on and preparing for one of these fire-responses ahead of time, most residents delay deciding on defending v. evacuating (e.g. they wait and see instead). Recent research has shown that delaying this decision is associated with reduced levels of preparedness for both responses and on the day of a fire, an increased risk to life and property. The current study empirically examined what predicts this decision delay regarding one's fire-response by measuring two personality traits and several decision-related factors. A longitudinal survey study of residents of multiple wildfire-prone areas in Western Australia showed that the strongest predictor of delaying their decision to defend v. evacuate was a lack of difference in perceived values of defending v. evacuating. These findings have important implications for the design of interventions to reduce the risks associated with such delay. For one, agencies could utilise residents' value base to reduce decision delay. Alternatively, they could focus on the formation of proper contingency plans and stress the necessity to prepare well for both defending and evacuating.

    AB - In the event of a wildfire, Australian residents of wildfire-prone areas have a choice to defend their home or evacuate early. However, rather than deciding on and preparing for one of these fire-responses ahead of time, most residents delay deciding on defending v. evacuating (e.g. they wait and see instead). Recent research has shown that delaying this decision is associated with reduced levels of preparedness for both responses and on the day of a fire, an increased risk to life and property. The current study empirically examined what predicts this decision delay regarding one's fire-response by measuring two personality traits and several decision-related factors. A longitudinal survey study of residents of multiple wildfire-prone areas in Western Australia showed that the strongest predictor of delaying their decision to defend v. evacuate was a lack of difference in perceived values of defending v. evacuating. These findings have important implications for the design of interventions to reduce the risks associated with such delay. For one, agencies could utilise residents' value base to reduce decision delay. Alternatively, they could focus on the formation of proper contingency plans and stress the necessity to prepare well for both defending and evacuating.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84925279132&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1071/WF12213

    DO - 10.1071/WF12213

    M3 - Article

    VL - 24

    SP - 153

    EP - 161

    JO - International Journal of Wildland Fire

    JF - International Journal of Wildland Fire

    SN - 1049-8001

    IS - 2

    ER -