Methods This is a post hoc analysis of all participants of FAVOURED, a multicenter, double-blind, multinational, randomized, placebo-controlled trial evaluating the effect of fish oil and/or aspirin in preventing AVF failure in patients receiving hemodialysis. The primary outcome of AVF failure was a composite of fistula thrombosis and/or abandonment and/or cannulation failure at 12 months post-AVF creation, and secondary outcomes included individual outcome components. Patient data (demographics, comorbidities, medications, and laboratory data) and surgical factors (surgical expertise, anesthetic, intraoperative heparin use) were examined using multivariable logistic regression analyses to evaluate associations with AVF failure.
Results Of 536 participants, 253 patients (47%) experienced AVF failure during the study period. The mean age was 55±14.4 years, 64% were male, 45% were diabetic, and 4% had peripheral vascular disease. Factors associated with AVF failure included female sex (odds ratio [OR], 1.79; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.20 to 2.68), lower diastolic BP (OR for higher DBP, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.74 to 0.99), presence of central venous catheter (OR, 1.49; 95% CI, 1.02 to 2.20; P=0.04), and aspirin requirement (OR, 1.60; 95% CI, 1.00 to 2.56).
Conclusions Female sex, requirement for aspirin therapy, requiring hemodialysis via a central venous catheter, and lower diastolic BP were factors associated with higher odds of AVF failure. These associations have potential implications for vascular access planning and warrant further studies.