Protein mining the world's oceans: Australasia as an example of illegal expansion-and-displacement fishing

Iain Field, Mark Meekan, R BUCKWORTH, Corey Bradshaw

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing can lead to irreversible ecosystem changes; however, it is also one of the most difficult forms of fishing to manage and deter. In northern Australia over the past decade there has been a large increase in small-scale IUU fishing. We suggest that this small-scale fishing has arisen because of long-term fisheries over-exploitation in South East Asia. This IUU fishing forms part of the expansion-and- displacement cycle that can rapidly reduce biomass and alter the trophic structure of local ecosystems. With increasing human populations in the region, the pressure to fish illegally is likely to increase. Regional responses are required to deter and monitor the illegal over-exploitation of fisheries resources, which is critical to secure ecosystem stability as climate change and other destructive human activities threaten food security. � 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)323-328
    Number of pages6
    JournalFish and Fisheries
    Volume10
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

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